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Titel: Coloured figures of marine plants, found on ...
Verlag: Bath, S. Hazard, 1795-1801
2 vols in one, folio (440 x 275 mm), I: [ii] 9 [1, blank]; 8 , with 5 hand-coloured engraved plates; II: pp [vi] xl 112 , with text in Latin and English, with two engraved vignettes on the Latin and English titles, one printed in red and the other in green and black, and 17 engraved plates, the first seven printed in different tones, the remaining hand-coloured, and 7 original watercolours, lettered A-G, as issued; a few plates just touched by the binder's knife, otherwise a very fine copy, in contemporary calf-backed marbled boards, old repair to head of spine, a little worn, engraved bookplate of Charles Bathurst, Sydney Park. £4750The exceptionally rare first edition of the first English work devoted to marine plants, bound with the first edition of the second English work on the same subject, the latter illustrated with 7 original watercolours. Stackhouse's work is important for the taxonomy of marine plants as he established a new approach to classifying them.'Thomas Velley (bap 1748-1806), botanist, . lived for many years at Portland Place, Bath . [He devoted] himself to botany, especially to the study of algae. He collected in Essex, the Isle of Wight, and along the south coast. He was the friend and correspondent of Sir James Edward Smith, Dawson Turner, John Stackhouse, Sir Thomas Gery Cullum, Sir William Watson, and Richard Relhan, and became a fellow of the Linnean Society in 1792. Velley's botanical works were Coloured figures of marine plants found on the southern coast of England, illustrated with descriptions (1795), with five coloured plates, and three papers.'Returning from London to Bath on 6 June 1806, Velley jumped from a runaway stagecoach at Reading, fell, and hit his head violently on the ground. He died, without regaining consciousness, on 8 June, and was buried in the church of St Mary the Virgin, Reading, five days later. His extensive and annotated herbarium, illustrated by numerous dissections and microscopic drawings of grasses and other flowering plants, and especially of algae, was offered by his widow to the Linnean Society in 1809. When it declined, the collection was purchased by William Roscoe for the Liverpool Botanic Garden. Sir James Edward Smith in 1798 gave the name Velleia to an Australasian genus of flowering plants in Velley's honour' (ODNB).John Stackhouse (bap 1742, d 1819) was a botanist and classical scholar. 'With an adequate income, Stackhouse was able to develop his early interest in botany, especially seaweeds . In pursuit of seaweed interests, about 1775 he built Acton Castle, named for his wife, and close to the coast at Stackhouse Cove, Mount's Bay. This building, his "Marine Box", included basement tanks, in which Stackhouse was the first known worker to grow marine algae from spores. There, as Stackhouse told Turner, the "rocks at low water have many curious Fuci". In his investigations, Stackhouse relied on his own field observations; the herbaria of Dillenius, Bobart, and Linnaeus; and work by colleagues such as T. J. Woodward, Dawson Turner, Samuel Goodenough (bishop of Carlisle from 1808), Lilly Wigg, John Pitchford, and Colonel Thomas Velley. The prime significance in seaweed terms of Stackhouse's work is that he was "the first to break away completely from the custom of recognizing only the Linnean genera of algae" (Papenfuss, Classification, 116). He eventually (1795-1801; 1809; 1816) divided the British species of the Linnaean Fucus into sixty-seven genera, some red, some brown, and some lichenized, of "algae". This complex task was inevitably incomplete then and the results are now largely (but not wholly) superseded. Few copies of Stackhouse's main works, Nereis Britannica, Illustrationes Theophrasti, and his edition of Theophrasti Eresii de historia plantarum libri decem have survived; this is unsurprising since sales of the second and third fasciculi of the Nereis, his principal text on seaweeds, were poor, partly due to the Napoleonic wars' (ODNB).The. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 3833
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