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Titel: Pharmako-Basanos [in Greek]: or, the ...
Verlag: London, printed by W.d. for Michael Johnson, Bookseller in Litchfeld: And are to be Sold by R. Clavel, and S. Smith; at the Peacock and Feathers in St. Paul's Church-Yard, 1687 [-1690]
2 vols, 8vo (189 x 115 mm) I. pp [xxxii] 318 ; II. pp [xxiv] 416; a few margins with some dustsoiling prior to binding, lower margins of some gatherings with deckle, a fine, unpressed copy in contemporary English speckled calf, panelled in blind, red morocco labels. £4500First edition, William Constable's copy (see below), of Floyer's first publication, a detailed classification of plants, minerals, and animal products by their tastes and smells, with discussion of their medicinal properties. The various specimens are classified according to their tastes - astringent, mucilaginous, sweet, bitter, aromatic, acrid and corrosive - with recipes for their preparation and notes on the diseases for which they may be prescribed.John Floyer (1649-1734) was a Lichfield physician, and is famous for his treatise on the importance of accurate pulse measurements.'The significance of Floyer's The Physician's Pulse Watch (2 vols., 1707-10) lies in his insistence on the value of accurate measurement of pulse rates, so that "we may know the natural pulse and the excesses and defects from this in diseases" (The Physician's Pulse Watch, 1, 1707, 23). Pulse-timing became a routine procedure for Floyer, and enabled him to make scores of observations, in which he endeavoured to establish relationships between pulse rates and other measurements, such as the rate of respiration, temperature, and barometric readings, age, sex, and season, and even the latitude where readings were taken. To begin with his timing device was the minute hand of a pendulum clock or a sea-minute glass. He then commissioned Samuel Watson, a clockmaker in Coventry, to make a watch for the purpose of timing the pulse. The physician's pulse watch, the first instrument designed for bedside clinical measurement, incorporated a second hand, as well as a lever for stopping the mechanism. Though most of his search for the clinical relevance of pulse-timing proved futile, in Haller's words, Floyer introduced a practice which is now universal. He also produced some of the first reports made in English concerning Chinese pulse lore and acupuncture, news of which had recently been conveyed to the west by Jesuit missionaries' (ODNB).Being an asthma sufferer, he made observations on himself as well as patients, and distinguished bronchial asthma from other pulmonary conditions. Dr Samuel Johnson, who had been a patient of Floyer, noted that although an asthma sufferer, Floyer 'panted on to ninety'.Provenance: William Constable, with engraved bookplate. Constable (1721-91) was a Fellow of the Royal Society and Society of Antiquaries, and a collector of books, natural history specimens, coins, works of art, etc. His Cabinet of Curiosities is displayed in its original cabinets in the family seat, Burton Constable Hall in Yorkshire.Wing F1388 (variant imprint). Buchnummer des Verkäufers 3942
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