Foto des Verkäufers
Titel: An album of 36 watercolours of European ...
Verlag: [Vienna], 1867
Oblong folio, 36 drawings in pen, brown and grey ink and wash, average size 280 x 400 mm (18) and 280 x 230 mm (18), laid down on larger sheets, thirteen blank sheets unused at end; signed and dated 'A. v. Perger 1867' on ms titlepage, ms section titles and indication of sites under each drawing as well as short title at foot of most drawings; bound in contemporary half vellum with marbled sides, spine with ink title 'Dolmen'. £14,500An album with 36 fine and expressive watercolours of megaliths, including sites in the Riesengebirge (Southern Saxony and Northern Bohemia) (6), Poitou (1), Normandy (1), Brittany (5), Channel Islands (1), England (11), Wales (1), Scotland (3), and Sweden (5), plus a drawing of a stone circle known as Kalah i Darab in Persia.The drawings are loosely grouped in sections, including tumuli, menhirs (single standing stones), stone circles, rocking stones, dolmens (burial chambers made up of two or more upright stones supporting a horizontal stone), and finally monuments with traces of human decoration. Most of the drawings have human figures for scale. These categories, as Dr Glyn Davich pointed out in his Walter Neurath Lectures, Megaliths in History (1972), were only grouped together under the name 'megalith' in the mid-nineteenth century and the first general book on the subject in English did not appear until 1872 with the publication of James Fergusson's Rude Stone Monuments in all Counties: their Age and Use. Coincidentally the date of this album's compilation by Perger is the same year as Henry James's Plans and Photographs of Stonehenge (1867) which John Michell sees as portending 'the inevitable death of the art of antiquarian illustration' (Megalithomania, p 39).The British Isles are given prominence in this album with fifteen locations depicted. These include the great rock, known as The Tolmen, in the parish of Constantine in Cornwall (its length according to Borlase was thirty-three feet, its weight estimated at 750 tons; it was destroyed by quarrymen in 1869); the Buckstone near Monmouth, which was dislodged by vandals in 1885 and then replaced and secured by an iron pin; the Logan Stone near Castle Treryn in Cornwall (dislodged from and then returned to its precarious perch in 1824); the Cheesewring in Cornwall; an unspecified dolmen in Cornwall; a dolmen at the borders of the river Tamar; views of Stonehenge; the stone circle at Avebury; and the Parliament Rock on Dartmoor. There are illustrations of three stones in Cornwall with holes: Tolvan Stone, Men-an-tol, and Rosemoddress. Then there is Robin Hood's Stride in Derbyshire and a dolmen in the same county known as Wayland's Smithy - Perger's view shows the chambered long barrow unexcavated. There are breathtaking views of the largest stone circle in Scotland, Ring of Brodgar, on Orkney, here incorrectly identified as the Standing Stones of Stennes (these two separate sites are a mile from each other). There are also the stone circle at Lochbuie on the Isle of Mull and the two cromlechs at Plas Newydd on Anglesey.In France we have a view of hundreds of standing stones at Carnac, and an avenue of dolmens at Roche Briande. There is a fine view of the famous menhir at Locmariaquer, the highest standing stone of Europe, broken into four pieces; views of the dolmen at Champigny-le-Sec in Poitou, a dolmen near Belz, an unidentified menhir, and the Stones of Naines. In Sweden we have illustrations of the gigantic stones at Asby and Ulrika, an unidentified tumulus and an unidentified stone circle with a menhir in the centre. There is a fine view of the graves and bautasteinar (memorial stones) at Hjortehammar (province of Blekinge).With the exception of an impressive dolmen and menhir at Podgorzyn (then Giersdorf) the sites in the Riesengebirge are all geological stone formations rather than man-made megalithic monuments. We have views of the rocking stone of Szklarska-Poreba (then Schreiberau), the 'Hat and Bread' stone in Przesieka (then H. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 2719
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