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Adjutant-General's Office, Connecticut.

Verlag: HardPress

ISBN 10: 1406996696 ISBN 13: 9781406996692

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Buchbeschreibung: HardPress. PAPERBACK. Buchzustand: New. 1406996696 We guarantee all of our items - customer service and satisfaction are our top priorities. Please allow 4 - 14 business days for Standard shipping, within the US. Buchnummer des Verkäufers TM-1406996696

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Acts passed at a Congress of the: UNITED STATES LAWS

Buchbeschreibung: Folio. 228pp. Expertly bound to style in full period tree calf, gilt, spine gilt, red morocco label, period marbled endpapers Provenance: Christopher Gore (signature on the first session title page) and Fisher Ames (signature on second session title page). The Christopher Gore-Fisher Ames Set of the First Acts of the Federal Congress, with the Bill of Rights Rare official folio printings of the Acts of the first two sessions of the first Congress, including the first official House printing of the Bill of Rights: a founding document of American history. The first session of the first Congress met in New York on March 4, 1789, and continued until the end of September. It officially ratified the Constitution and Washington's election as first U.S. president, and passed much of the most basic legislation for the machinery of government, regulating the Customs, Judiciary, Post Office, Mint, and the like. Much time was spent on the Bill of Rights, which appears here in what is among its earliest printings, still including twelve amendments (the first two, relating to the numbers in a congressional district and congressional salaries, were later omitted). "The importance of the First Federal Congress cannot be exaggerated. It played a critical role as the body which began to implement and interpret the new Constitution of the United States. The conception of the government occurred at the Federal Convention, but it was not until the First Federal Congress began to make decisions and pass enabling legislation that life was breathed into that government" - Documentary History of the First Federal Congress Evans erroneously records two distinct issues of the Acts of the first session: 22189 and 22949, ascribing a date of 1790 to the latter. Close comparison of multiple copies of each "issue" reveals that the two are identical, from the same setting of type and on the same paper stocks, with the only distinction between the two being the presence of an eleven-page index in the rear, following the Table of Contents (22189, with the Index). There is no evidence to suggest that a second issue, without the index, was published in 1790; indeed, it would stand to reason that examples without the index preceded the issuance of copies with the Index, as the work would have needed to have been completed (and fully paginated), before the index could have been compiled. In addition, that the Index was printed subsequently is supported by the collation of the gatherings, with the last leaf preceding the Index being Aa1, and with the first leaf of the Index being Bb1 (rather than Aa2). Finally, a second printing of the Acts of the first session, as suggested by Evans, would have required Congressional approval for the additional expense, which is not recorded. NAIP has corrected Evans's error by merging the two records into Evans 22189, ascribing both to have been printed in 1789, issued with and without the index (as here). The first session has the important provenance of Christopher Gore (1758-1827), who has signed the top of the titlepage. Gore was a Boston attorney who served in the Continental Army after graduating from Harvard. He entered politics as a member of the 1788 Massachusetts convention to ratify the new Federal Constitution. At the same time Gore made a fortune speculating in Continental securities, buying them at step discounts and cashing in under Alexander Hamilton's new Public Credit plan passed by the First Congress. In 1789 Gore became the first United States Attorney for Massachusetts. The actions of the first Congress were thus critical to Gore, who was firmly established as one of the leading Federalists in Massachusetts. The second session has the fine provenance of Fisher Ames, a Representative to the First Congress from the 1st district of Massachusetts, and is inscribed by him on the titlepage. Ames (1758-1808) was a prominent Federalist and was a strong supporter of the Constitution. "With the opening of Congress in March 178. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 29357

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MELISH, John (1771-1822).

Verlag: Philadelphia: John Melish, 1816. (1816)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: John Melish, 1816., 1816. EXCEPTIONALLY FINE engraved folding map (36 x 58 4/8 inches) by J. Vallance and H.S. Tanner, laid down on cartographic linen in 40 sections, edged with green silk, with original hand-colour in outline (some occasional pale spotting), folds with marbled end sheets; contemporary half red roan, marbled paper boards portfolio, two pairs of linen ties. THE FIRST AMERICAN-PRODUCED WALL MAP DEPICTING THE COUNTRY FROM COAST TO COAST. Apparently the fourth state, with Cadiz, Washington, Cambridge, Adelphi, Mansfield and Wooster added in Ohio and "Vevay or" added before "Swiss Vineyards" in southeastern Indiana. "An exquisite map, it distinguished Melish as the leading American map publisher of the second decade and placed American maps on equal footing with those produced by the prestigious firms in London and Paris. Incorporating data from state and military maps as these became available, Melish frequently revised and corrected the plates, limiting each printing to 100 copies" (Seymour I. Schwartz and Ralph E. Ehrenberg, The Mapping of America, Edison, NJ, 2001, p.238). "I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace" (anonymous, recorded by Melish in his "Geographical Intelligence", 1818). Melish published the first American-produced wall map depicting the country from coast to coast, inspired by a friend who wrote to him "during the progress of war. a very respectable Friend in Philadelphia, when talking of the Map of the Seat of War, said 'I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace.' The hint was not lost. The author had seen the good effects of maps, particularly when accompanied by descriptions." (reported by Ristow). Determined to keep his maps contemporary Melish is reknowned for reissuing numerous revisions of his maps: new editions, in a total of 24 issues, of this map were published in 1818, 1819, 1820, and 1823, and Melish himself outlined the reasons for the principal changes in his posthumously published 1826 edition of "Geographical Description": "When the late treaty was negotiated with Spain which had reference to the map in fixing the southwest boundary, it was determined to bring forward an entire new edition of the Map, exhibiting Florida as a part of the United States, and making all alterations that had taken place in the country, up to the time of publication; and from a conviction that Mexico would soon become independent, and would eventually be of great importance to the United States, it was determined to add another sheet exhibiting a complete view of that very interesting country, with all the most important West India Islands. This was accordingly executed, and the supplement was so enlarged as to exhibit a view of the whole West Indies, with Guatimala, the Isthmus of Panama, and the northern provinces of South America, now forming part of the Republic of Colombia." (reported by Ristow). Martin/Ristow 24; Streeter VI:3798. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72map44

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MELISH, John (1771-1822).

Verlag: Philadelphia: John Melish, 1820. (1820)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: John Melish, 1820., 1820. Folding engraved map (43 4/8 x 57 inches), 36 segments mounted on linen and hand-colored in a contemporary hand (some separation at folds, intermittent browning and slight offsetting); contemporary green paper boards slipcase, manuscript paper label on front cover (extremities worn with loss of one side strip). "I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace" (anonymous, recorded by Melish in his "Geographical Intelligence", 1818). 1820 edition, the RARE LARGE ISSUE, with the imprint reading "Entered according to Act of Congress the 16th day of June 1820." Melish published the first American-produced wall map depicting the country from coast to coast in 1816, distinguishing him as "the leading American map publisher of the second decade and placed American maps on equal footing with those produced by the prestigious firms in London and Paris." (Schwartz and Ehrenberg). Melish was inspired to create a large wall map of America by a friend who wrote to him "during the progress of war a very respectable Friend in Philadelphia, when talking of the Map of the Seat of War, said 'I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace.' The hint was not lost. The author had seen the good effects of maps, particularly when accompanied by descriptions " (reported by Ristow). Determined to keep his maps contemporary Melish is reknowned for reissuing numerous revisions of his maps: new editions, in a total of 24 issues, of this map were published in 1818, 1819, 1820, and 1823. Eight variants of the 1820 edition have been identified by Ristow. Melish himself outlined the reasons for the principal changes in his posthumously published 1826 edition of "Geographical Description": "When the late treaty was negotiated with Spain which had reference to the map in fixing the southwest boundary, it was determined to bring forward an entire new edition of the Map, exhibiting Florida as a part of the United States, and making all alterations that had taken place in the country, up to the time of publication; and from a conviction that Mexico would soon become independent, and would eventually be of great importance to the United States, it was determined to add another sheet exhibiting a complete view of that very interesting country, with all the most important West India Islands. This was accordingly executed, and the supplement was so enlarged as to exhibit a view of the whole West Indies, with Guatimala, the Isthmus of Panama, and the northern provinces of South America, now forming part of the Republic of Colombia." (reported by Ristow). This 1820 issue was the first to be published in the enlarged format. Ristow pp. 186-197; Schwartz and Ehrenberg page 238. [With:] MELISH, John. A Geographical Description of the United States, with the Contiguous British and Spanish Possessions, intended as an Accompaniment to Melish's Map of these Countries. Philadelphia: for the Author, 1816. 8vo (8 1/8 x 5 inches). Errata leaf tipped-in before the title-page. Four engraved plates of plans of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore (some browning and offsetting). Pages 167-182 publisher's advertisements, engraved folding hand-colored specimen map of Pennsylvania, and three pages of instructions and prospectus for constructing state and county maps of Pennsylvania. Contemporary half red roan, marbled boards (rebacked, front free endpaper replaced). Provenance: Contemporary signature of James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (1857-1861), on the title-page; one or two contemporary annotations to the text and underscorings; Anonymous sale Sotheby's 25th January 1977, lot 82; Charles J. Tanenbaum, Collection of American Cartography. Second, enlarged edition. FROM THE LIBRARY OF JAMES BUCHANAN (1791-1868): "tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls, James Buchanan was the only President who never married. Presiding over a rapidly dividing Nation, Buchanan grasped inadequately the political r. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 001993

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MELISH, John (1771-1822).

Verlag: Philadelphia: James Finlayson successor to John Melish, 1823. (1823)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: James Finlayson successor to John Melish, 1823., 1823. Folding engraved map (45 x 57 4/8 inches), in 50 sections mounted on cartographic linen, with original hand-color in outline, with small inset of West Indies lower right, and statistical table lower left (intermittent browning and slight offsetting, linen with a few stains); original marbled paper self covers on verso. Provenance: with the ownership inscription of E. Harkness on the front cover. "I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace" (anonymous, recorded by Melish in his "Geographical Intelligence", 1818). 1820 edition, the large issue, with the imprint reading "Entered according to Act of Congress the 16th day of June 1820", with "improvements to 1823". Melish published the first American-produced wall map depicting the country from coast to coast in 1816, distinguishing him as "the leading American map publisher of the second decade and placed American maps on equal footing with those produced by the prestigious firms in London and Paris." (Schwartz and Ehrenberg). Melish was inspired to create a large wall map of America by a friend who wrote to him "during the progress of war. a very respectable Friend in Philadelphia, when talking of the Map of the Seat of War, said 'I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace.' The hint was not lost. The author had seen the good effects of maps, particularly when accompanied by descriptions." (reported by Ristow). Determined to keep his maps contemporary Melish is renowned for reissuing numerous revisions of his maps: new editions, in a total of 24 issues, of this map were published in 1818, 1819, 1820, and 1823. Eight variants of the 1820 edition have been identified by Ristow. Melish himself outlined the reasons for the principal changes in his posthumously published 1826 edition of "Geographical Description": "When the late treaty was negotiated with Spain which had reference to the map in fixing the southwest boundary, it was determined to bring forward an entire new edition of the Map, exhibiting Florida as a part of the United States, and making all alterations that had taken place in the country, up to the time of publication; and from a conviction that Mexico would soon become independent, and would eventually be of great importance to the United States, it was determined to add another sheet exhibiting a complete view of that very interesting country, with all the most important West India Islands. This was accordingly executed, and the supplement was so enlarged as to exhibit a view of the whole West Indies, with Guatimala, the Isthmus of Panama, and the northern provinces of South America, now forming part of the Republic of Colombia." (reported by Ristow pages 186-197). Schwartz and Ehrenberg page 238. Catalogued by Kate Hunter. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72map87

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AUDUBON, John James (1785-1851).

Verlag: Philadelphia: J. B. Chevalier, [1839-] 1840-1844. (1844)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: J. B. Chevalier, [1839-] 1840-1844., 1844. 7 volumes. 8vo., (10 1/8 x 6 4/8 inches). Half-titles, subscribers' lists at end of each volume. 500 hand-colored lithographed plates after Audubon by W.E. Hitchcock, R. Trembly and others, printed and colored by J.T. Bowen, wood-engraved anatomical diagrams in text (intermittent offsetting and spotting, particularly to the tissue guards and corresponding text leaves at the beginning and end of each volume). Original publisher's deluxe binding of maroon morocco gilt, elaborately decorated in gilt (extremities a bit rubbed). The first octavo edition of John James Audubon's masterpiece, a tall copy with colors very clean and fresh. Audubon created 65 new images for the octavo edition, supplementing the original 435 of the double-elephant folio edition of 1827-1838. The resulting series of 500 plates constitutes the most extensive American color-plate book produced up to that time. The Philadelphia printer J.T. Bowen reduced the double-elephant plates by camera lucida and the resulting lithographs show significant changes in the backgrounds and compositions. The original configurations of the elephant folio were altered so that only one species is depicted per plate. The text revision of the 'Ornithological Biography' was rearranged according to Audubon's "A Synopsis of the Birds of North America" (1839). "The genesis of Audubon's career as a painter may be said to have taken place in 1810, when the Scots-American ornithologist Alexander Wilson stopped in Henderson to seek subscriptions for his 'American Ornithology'. Audubon was approving of Wilson's efforts and was prepared to subscribe when his partner Rozier intervened. Rozier pointed out that the partners lacked the discretionary funds for such an investment and also suggested that Audubon was much the superior artist. Wilson departed without the hoped-for subscription. Not until 1820, however, when he was thirty-five and after years of disappointment in business, did Audubon conclude that he wanted to publish an ambitious folio of all American birds. Accompanying him on the first of several collecting and painting trips was young Joseph Mason, the first of several associates who later would paint at least fifty backgrounds for Audubon's bird plates. Following this trip, Audubon spent some months in New Orleans making a modest living sketching portraits and then as tutor to Eliza Pirrie at the plantation owned by the latter's father on Bayou Sara. Throughout, he gradually began accumulating his bird pictures. "A trip to Philadelphia in 1824 to look into the possibilities of publication and other support was a disaster. Audubon foolishly antagonized the artist Titian Peale and the engraver Alexander Lawson, who were preparing illustrations for Charles Lucien Bonaparte's 'American Ornithology; or, The Natural History of Birds Inhabiting the United States, Not Given by Wilson'. With his criticisms of Wilson's artistry, he also infuriated the Philadelphia businessman and naturalist George Ord, Wilson's friend, editor, biographer, and champion, who became Audubon's lifelong enemy and did whatever he could to block Audubon's success in the United States. Following Ord's lead, most Philadelphia naturalists and engravers refused to assist Audubon with his project. Audubon now concluded that he had no choice but to go to Europe to seek out engravers and printers, and this he did with money he and Lucy earned from teaching the children of the Percy family of Beechwood Plantation near New Orleans in 1825 and early 1826. "Arriving in Liverpool, England, in July 1826, Audubon soon found the support and fame that had so long eluded him in the United States. He went on to Manchester, where the response to his work was tepid, and then to Edinburgh, Scotland, where he found not only more support but William H. Lizars, the engraver he had been looking for. There he matured his ideas concerning his project and decided on an elephant folio on a subscription basis. He took time to fulfill a long. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72nhr129

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John Melish (1767-1822)

Verlag: Philadelphia (1816)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia, 1816. No Binding. Buchzustand: Very Good. John Melish (1767-1822) “Map of the United States with Contiguous British & Spanish Possessions” Philadelphia: 1816 Copperplate engraving with outline color 49” x 63” framed This landmark wall map, by John Melish, is highly coveted by collectors, as it is the first map to show the United States potentially stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, giving visual expression to the idea of “Manifest Destiny.” In the early 19th century, many Americans felt it was their mission to expand the borders of the United States westward for ideological, political and economic reasons. This map was published just as the notion of Manifest Destiny was crystallizing in the general American consciousness, and predicted the glorious fate that the young nation anticipated. This grand map of the United States was also highly accurate and advanced in it's depiction of the geography of the United States, as it used information from the travel accounts of early 19th century explorers such as Zebulon Pike, Lewis and Clarke, Thomas Nuttall and William Darby. As Walter Ristow, a legendary American mapping historian, states of this map, “Melish played a foremost role in many and varied sources of the geographical and cartographical knowledge of the period, and presenting it systematically and graphical for the edification and enlightenment of the citizens of the voting republic.” John Melish was a highly educated Scottish merchant who settled in Philadelphia in 1811, eventually to become one of the first great cartographers on the American continent. Melish drew on a number of official state maps to produce this mammoth map of the United States, which was used on several occasions to determine boundary lines between the United States and Mexico. This is a highly coveted first printing from 1816 and was updated frequently over the following several years as new discoveries came to light. Melish died in 1822, and his plates were then used by James Finlayson to publish new states of the map in 1823. It is a classic in the history of American mapping. Buchnummer des Verkäufers sf002765432fra

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Buchbeschreibung: Columbia [Tx.]. Nov. 1, 1836., 1836. [3]pp. on a folded folio sheet. Addressed for mailing (apparently in Houston's hand) on the blank fourth page, with a circular New Orleans postmark (in blue ink), a note "2/3" in red ink, and "10 for. 85" in black ink. Old folds from mailing, two small remnants of old red wax seal. Small hole from a seal, not affecting text. Two small tears near a cross-fold, affecting five letters of text. In very good condition. An outstanding letter from Sam Houston, one of the towering figures in Texas history, written just days after he became President of the Republic of Texas, and a little more than six months after he led Texian forces to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, which secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. Samuel Houston (1793-1863) was elected President of the Republic of Texas on September 5, 1836, and became President on October 22, succeeding David Burnet, who had been interim President the previous seven months. In this letter Houston notes that "the eyes of the world are upon us," and that Texas is but an "infant Republic just emerging from the political season" with "difficulties and dangers on every side." He goes on to assert, however, that "these difficulties and dangers have been gloriously surmounted, and the bright star of Texian independence is seen moving rapidly onward to the meridian of its glory." Houston makes reference to his victory at San Jacinto, his initial disinclination to seek office, and exhibits gratitude to the people of Texas in investing him with their confidence by making him president of the fledgling Republic. Significantly, Houston writes that "the people of Texas have shown through the ballot box at the late election that they are decidedly in favor of annexation to the United States, and it is a matter worthy to be made known throughout your country." This is a remarkably early pronouncement from Houston on the desirability of annexing Texas to the United States, a subject that Houston returned to in his address to the Texas Legislature in May, 1837. He discusses the "common ancestry" of the peoples of both nations, urges Heyward to use the American press to lobby for annexation, and lauds Texas as a market for goods and produce from the United States. Houston closes the letter by attacking his predecessor and political enemy, former Texas President David Burnet, whom he calls "a poor dog, and I believe a very bad man, if not corrupt." Burnet and Houston were longstanding antagonists, and the two men would face each other again in a contentious campaign for President of Texas in 1841. The animosity between the two became so great that Burnet challenged Houston to a duel, which the latter declined. Houston wrote this letter to Elijah Hayward (1786-1864), a prominent Ohio lawyer and former judge of the Ohio Supreme Court, who had recently resigned his position as Commissioner of the General Land Office in Washington, DC. The relationship between Houston and Hayward is unclear, though the tone of this letter is certainly warm. Houston wrote this letter from Columbia, Texas, which from September to December, 1836, served as the capital of the Republic of Texas. The bulk of the letter is in a secretarial hand; Houston, always an erratic speller, generally preferred to dictate official correspondence. Houston writes: "Dear Sir, I have just received your letter of the 6th August, and it gives me much pleasure to know that although far removed from the most of my old friends in the United States, they still evince some interest in my own prosperity and an anxious solicitude for the success of the great cause of political and religious liberty in Texas. "The eyes of the world are upon us, and the events of the last twelve months have excited the generous sympathies of any patriot heart. We are an infant Republic just emerging from the political season, dark and gloomy have been our prospects, difficulties and dangers have attended on every side, but that gloom has in a great measure be. Buchnummer des Verkäufers WRCAM 47218

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Buchbeschreibung: printed by John Taylor, Nauvoo, Ill, 1844. First edition, 8vo, pp. 64; woodcut portrait of Smith in military garb in the text; original printed wrappers; uncut, fore-edge ragged, minor loss at fore-edge of wrappers. The wrappers are dated 1845. Crawley 271: "With his name attached to the copyright notice.it seems clear that the book was compiled by W. W. Phelps, who actually wrote most of the contents.The dedicatory poem.dated June 1844, and the fact that Phelps obtained the copyright on June 22 suggest it was put to press shortly before Joseph Smith's death, probably as a piece for his presidential campaign.but his assassination interrupted the printing and the unfinished book lay in the Times and Seasons shop until it was eventually completed as a memorial to him." [Hence, the 1845 date on the wrappers.] The all-important "King Follett funeral discourse, headed Joseph Smith's last Sermon, delivered at the April Conference, 1844, is added in Voice of Truth as an appendix (pp. 59-64). It is not listed on the title page and was not originally intended to be included in the pamphlet, but it is noted on the printed wrapper." Byrd 899; Flake 8000; Graff 3858. Howes S629. Sabin 83288. Crawley locates 9 copies (Yale, Neweberry, Illinois Historical, Harvard, NYPL, Utah, Brigham Young, and the LDS. OCLC adds the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Southern Illinois University, Community of Christ Library in Missouri, and Princeton. Byrd notes that the University of Kansas City copy has the wrappers. No copies in ABPC back to 1976. The NYPL copy has last 2 pages mutilated and lacks the wrapper; the Newberry copy with a fragment of the wrapper only. The wrappers are rare. Of the dozen or so copies located, it is likely less than a handful retain them. This is significant in that the back wrapper contains the poem "The Cap Stone," a poem in 40 lines, by Phelps. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 48090

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BRADLEY, Abraham, Jr. (1767-1838)

Verlag: Philadelphia, 1804 [but After 1812] (1812)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia, 1804 [but After 1812], 1812. Fine folding engraved map, float-mounted and framed (framed dimensions: 38 x 52 inches), laid down on cartographical linen in 32 sections, with original hand-colour in outline and in part. Fourth edition, corrected to 1812, showing both Louisiana and Missouri Territory, established in 1812. The Mississippi River from the junction of the Ohio north to the Wyaconda River has been redrawn due to the public surveys in southern Illinois, exhibted by the addition of Township and Range lines. "Numerous other changes from the 1804 edition have been made throughout the map adding new counties, towns, roads, and changed physical features, primarily in the mid and western portions. Since it was a postal map and needed to be current as to towns, road and counties, it is probable that the map was updated every few years, until a new plate was made in 1819 by Harrison (Karpinski 59, Karrow 1-1466). The 1796 edition of this map (a different engraving) was changed four times in as many years (Wheat & Brun 127-130). The 1819 edition became the official post office map in 1825, used until 1829 (Ristow). All of the 1804 to 1812 editions were originally engraved by Francis Shallus of Philadelphia" (David Rumsey 2929001). Abraham Bradley, Jr.'s Map of the United States was a landmark production, arguably the first such detailed map produced by an American mapmaker and a visual testament to the growing expertise of the country's printers and cartographers after the triumph of the Revolution. An indigenous cartography sprang up and eventually flourished during the nineteenth century in response to nationalism, exploration, settlement, war, rising literacy, and finally, the exploitation of natural resources. Appointed a clerk in the American general post office in 1791 "Bradley's best known accomplishment was his authorship of a notable map of the United States, the first edition of which appeared in 1796, and the second in 1804, following the acquisition of the Louisiana territory. Bradley's maps were hung in many of the republic's post offices and were reprinted in Jedidiah Morse's American Universal Geography. Historians have agreed that the 1796 edition provides the best source of information about the geographical extent of the United States in the decade following the adoption of the federal Constitution. To a greater degree than almost any other single document published during this period, Bradley's maps helped to impress ordinary Americans with the size of the country and to transform the ill-defined frontier into a sharply etched border. "Bradley also coordinated the movement of the mail and took great pride in his almost encyclopedic knowledge of every single postal route in the country. Since most stagecoach firms relied on mail contracts to cover their costs, Bradley was thus largely responsible for the scheduling of passenger service throughout the United States. Though Bradley supported the subsidization of the stagecoach industry, he remained troubled by the potential for abuse. This was particularly true during the administration of Andrew Jackson; Bradley publicly denounced the Jacksonians for their "stage mania," by which he meant their lavish policy of subsidizing the industry with little regard to cost (John, p. 243). "To help keep expenses under control, Bradley personally supervised the payment of mail contractors, a challenging task. Because the United States lacked a single currency during this period, it was difficult to pay agents who lived at a great distance from Washington. To help overcome this problem, Bradley assumed the presidency of the Union Bank of Georgetown at some point prior to 1820. This made it possible for Bradley's signature to appear on the bank notes that the general post office disbursed. The fact that Bradley's signature was well known facilitated the transmission of postal revenue from the general post office to the contractors in the field" (Richard R. John for ANB). P-Maps p874; Ristow p70-1; Schwar. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 1016mb1

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A New American Atlas containing Maps of: TANNER, H.[enry] S.[chenck]

Buchbeschreibung: H.S. Tanner, Philadelphia, 1823. Folio. (23 7/8 x 16 5/8 inches). Letterpress half-title, 1p. index and 18pp. text. Engraved title with vignette of the "First Landing of Columbus in the New World", 18 fine hand-coloured engraved maps (16 double-page, 2 folding). Expertly bound to style in half-calf over contemporary marbled paper-covered boards, the flat spine gilt and divided into seven compartments by fillets and roll tools, lettered in the second compartment, the others with repeat decoration in gilt, marbled endpapers A fine copy of the first collected edition of "the most distinguished atlas published in the United States during the engraving period" (Ristow). Tanner's New American Atlas contained the most accomplished series of maps of America that had yet appeared in an atlas. Of the greatest importance were the maps of American states. These maps were drawn up using a careful combination of original surveys and the best existing published sources. The evident high cost of production meant that the publishers took the decision to issue the maps in five separate parts which were published from 1819 to 1823. A second revised edition appeared in 1825. The maps, all of which are carefully hand-coloured, include a double-page world map, 4 double-page maps of continents, a map of South America on two joined sheets (numbered 6 and 7 in the index), a map of North America on 4 joined sheets (numbered 8 -11) and 11 double-page maps of the various States. The very large map of North America is of particular beauty and note. Wheat writes: "This map was a landmark - a great cartographical achievement . Tanner made good use of a large number of intervening map, those of interest here being Humboldt's 'New Spain,' Pike's various maps, Long's map, and Pedro Walker's 'Map of New California' . This 1822 map of North America was the progenitor of a long line of famous maps" (Wheat, II: pp. 82-87). Contemporary reviews of the atlas were favourable: the New American Atlas "is decidedly one of the most splendid works of the kind ever executed in this country" (United States Gazette, September 1823). Never "has either America or Europe, produced a geographical description of the several States of the Union, so honorable to the Arts, and so creditable to the nation as Tanner's American Atlas." (National Advocate 25 August 1824). Perhaps the most enthusiastic report came from the scholar Jared Sparks who wrote in the April 1824 issue of the North American Review that "as an American Atlas, we believe Mr. Tanner's work to hold a rank far above any other, which has been published." Howes T29; Phillips 1376; cf. Ristow American Maps and Map Makers pp. 154 &193-198; Rumsey 2892; Sabin 94319; Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 350. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 20430

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A New American Atlas containing Maps of: TANNER, H.[enry] S.[chenck]

Buchbeschreibung: H.S. Tanner, Philadelphia, 1825. Folio. (23 1/2 x 16 1/2 inches). Letterpress half-title, 1p. index and 18pp. text. Engraved title with vignette of the "First Landing of Columbus in the New World, 21 fine hand-coloured engraved map sheets (16 maps on 16 double-page sheets; 1 map on one folding sheet; and 1 map on 4 double-page sheets), some expert restoration to corners. Expertly bound to style in half brown straight-grained morocco over contemporary marbled paper-covered boards, the flat spine divided into six compartments by double gilt rules, lettered in the second compartment, the others with repeat decoration in gilt, contained within a modern red morocco-backed cloth box, the spine in seven compartments with raised bands, lettered in the second, the others with repeat tooling in gilt A fine copy of the improved second edition of "one the most magnificent atlases ever published in the United States" (Ristow). Tanner's New American Atlas contained the most accomplished series of maps of America that had yet appeared in an atlas. Of the greatest importance were the maps of American states, which were highly detailed and brilliantly coloured. While New York and Florida each had their own dedicated page, other double-page sheets showcased multiple states at a time. As the title claims, these maps were drawn up using a careful combination of original surveys and the best existing published sources. The evident high cost of production meant that the publishers took the decision to issue the maps originally in five separate parts which were published from 1819 to 1823. A first collected edition was published in 1823, and this second revised edition appeared in 1825. The maps, all of which are carefully hand-coloured, include a world map, 4 maps of continents, a map of South America on a large folding sheet made up from two joined sheets (the index calls for two separate sheets), a map of North America on 4 sheets and 11 double-page maps of the various States. The very large map of North America is of particular beauty and note. Wheat writes: "This map was a landmark - a great cartographical achievement . Tanner made good use of a large number of intervening map, those of interest here being Humboldt's 'New Spain,' Pike's various maps, Long's map, and 'Pedro Walker's Map of New California . This 1822 map of North America was the progenitor of a long line of famous maps" (Wheat, II: pp. 82-87) Contemporary reviews were favourable: the New American Atlas "is decidedly one of the most splendid works of the kind ever executed in this country" ( United States Gazette , September 1823). Never "has either America or Europe, produced a geographical description of the several States of the Union, so honorable to the Arts, and so creditable to the nation as Tanner's American Atlas." ( National Advocate 25 August 1824). Perhaps the most enthusiastic report came from the scholar Jared Sparks who wrote in the April 1824 issue of the North American Review that "as an American Atlas, we believe Mr. Tanner's work to hold a rank far above any other, which has been published." This second edition is notable for the significant cartographic changes made by Tanner, reflecting new boundaries, counties, towns and discoveries since the initial maps were published. For example, the map of Illinois shows significant changes to the mapping of the headwaters of the Mississippi, and the map of Louisiana depicts Indian lands with vast changes from the first edition. Howes T29; Phillips 3669; cf. Ristow, American Maps and Map Makers , pp. 193-198; Rumsey 2755; Sabin 94323. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 17477

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MELISH, John (1771-1822)

Verlag: [Philadelphia (1816)

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Buchbeschreibung: [Philadelphia, 1816. Engraved map, engraved by J. Vallance & H. S. Tanner, period hand colouring in outline, dissected into 40 sections and linen-backed, as issued. Housed in a full blue morocco box. The first large-scale map of the United States and a cornerstone map of the American west: first edition, fourth state. A map of inestimable importance - one which synthesized the best data available at the crucial moment of the opening of American West, and one which, in a sense, envisioned and enabled the 'Manifest Destiny' of the United States. "The cartographic publication that best publicized for the American people the data derived from the Lewis and Clark Expedition and Zebulon Pike's exploration of the southwest in 1806 and 1807 was John Melish's 1816 Map of the United States ." (Ristow p.446) Also, much like the Mitchell map of the previous century, the Melish map became the map of record in many important treaties between the United States and Spain, Mexico, and both the Republic and State of Texas. Specifically, the United States-Mexico boundary was laid out on a copy of the map according to the Adams-Onis Treaty signed in February 22, 1819. Martin and Martin write: "Recognizing that the demand for geographical information on the American west was limitless in the foreseeable future, Melish undertook to accumulate a vast amount of descriptions, statistics and maps and in 1816 produced in six sheets his famous map . For the Texas area, Melish relied heavily on the surveys conducted by William Darby, who had personally surveyed much of the Sabine River area . Melish's map significantly improved the descriptions and depictions of the Texas interior, but perhaps its most lasting value to history was its official association with the Adams-Onis Treaty, because Melish's 90th meridian, today the eastern boundary of the Texas Panhandle, was off by approximately ninety miles, controversy and court litigation concerning the correct boundary lasted well beyond Texas's annexation . Of lasting value, too, was the widespread dissemination of new information concerning Texas geography only five years before Stephen F. Austin decided to honor his father's contract with the Mexican government to bring Anglo-American settlers to inhabit this rich new land" (Martin & Martin). The map also played a key role in the development of American mapmaking. "An exquisite map, it distinguished Melish as the leading American map publisher of the second decade and placed American maps on equal footing with those produced by the prestigious firms in London and Paris" (Schwartz). In fact, Melish founded the first company in the United States to deal specifically in maps and geographical works. The map was engraved by arguably the two finest map engravers in the United States at the time, John Vallance and Henry S. Tanner. It set a new standard for clarity and precision in map production. The present copy is the fourth state of the first edition of 1816, as identified by Ristow (in A la carte pp.162-182, the most complete account of the map): a rare early issue of the first edition, prior to Mississippi Territory being divided into the State of Mississippi and Alabama Territory. There are two primary reasons for the great rarity of this map: firstly, Melish only printed 100 copies of each issue to allow him to constantly update the map with the latest geographical information, the second reason is its large size which has ensured a high attrition rate over the past two centuries. It would not be exaggerating to say that Melish's map, the first on a large scale to show the area of the present United States from coast to coast, provided most Americans with their first clear-sighted view of the continental landmass of which the United States was a part. Although the term Manifest Destiny, referring to the inevitability of the growth of the United States across the entire continent, was not current until the 1840s, there can be little doubt that this powerful cartographic image. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 30516

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1825., 1825. Letterpress half title, 1p. index, and 18pp. text. Engraved title with vignette of the "First Landing of Columbus in the New World." Twenty-one fine handcolored engraved map sheets (sixteen maps on sixteen double page sheets, one map on folding sheet, map of United States on four double page sheets). Folio. Expertly bound to style in half brown straight- grained morocco and contemporary marbled boards, spine gilt. Very good. In a red half morocco and cloth box, spine gilt. A fine copy of the second edition of "one the most magnificent atlases ever published in the United States," engraved during the "Golden Age of American Cartography" (Ristow). Tanner's NEW AMERICAN ATLAS contains the most accomplished series of maps of America that had yet appeared in an atlas. Of the greatest importance were the maps of American states, which were highly detailed and brilliantly colored. While New York and Florida each had their own dedicated page, other double-page sheets showcased multiple states at a time. As the title claims, these maps were drawn up using a careful combination of original surveys and the best existing published sources. The evident high cost of production meant that the publishers took the decision to issue the maps originally in five separate parts which were published from 1819 to 1823. A first collected edition was published in 1823, and this second revised edition appeared in 1825. The maps, all of which are carefully handcolored, include a world map, four maps of continents, a map of South America on a large folding sheet made up from two joined sheets (the index calls for two separate sheets), a map of North America on four sheets, and eleven double-page maps of the various states. The very large map of North America is of particular beauty and note. "This map was a landmark - a great cartographical achievement.Tanner made good use of a large number of intervening map, those of interest here being Humboldt's 'New Spain,' Pike's various maps, Long's map, and 'Pedro Walker's Map of New California.This 1822 map of North America was the progenitor of a long line of famous maps" - Wheat. Contemporary reviews were favorable: A NEW AMERICAN ATLAS "is decidedly one of the most splendid works of the kind ever executed in this country" (UNITED STATES GAZETTE, September 1823). Never "has either America or Europe, produced a geographical description of the several States of the Union, so honorable to the Arts, and so creditable to the nation as Tanner's AMERICAN ATLAS" (NATIONAL ADVOCATE, Aug. 25, 1824). The most enthusiastic report came from scholar Jared Sparks, who wrote in the April 1824 issue of the NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW that "as an AMERICAN ATLAS, we believe Mr. Tanner's work to hold a rank far above any other, which has been published." HOWES T29. PHILLIPS ATLASES 1376. RISTOW, pp.154, 193-98 (ref). RUMSEY 2892. SABIN 94319. WHEAT TRANSMISSISSIPPI 350. Buchnummer des Verkäufers WRCAM 39227

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ARROWSMITH, Aaron (1750-1823).

Verlag: London: A. Arrowsmith, 1796, Additions 1802 [but, After 1808]. (1808)

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Buchbeschreibung: London: A. Arrowsmith, 1796, Additions 1802 [but, After 1808]., 1808. Fine folding engraved wall map in four separate sheets mounted on cartographic linen (each 25 x 29 inches), each in 15 sections, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE AND DELICATE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, and decorated with a large and fine vignette of Niagara Falls lower right (some light browning and offsetting); original blue paper boards slipcase (quite worn at extremities), title on printed paper label on front cover, and sectional titles on printed labels on verso of each section. Provenance: with the contemporary mapseller's label of C. Smith of the Strand on the verso of one section. AN EXCEPTIONALLY FINE EXAMPLE OF ARROWSMITH'S IMPORTANT MAP of America, first issued 1796, this is the second edition with Additions to 1802, third issue with Arrowsmith's address given as "10 Soho Square", and Arrowsmith is now styled "Hydrographer to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales". The 1802 edition is the last of Arrowsmith's large American maps to be issued before the Louisiana Purchase and it is known that Thomas Jefferson ordered himself a copy at about the same time as the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. It is also the edition that Lewis and Clark consulted for their monumental expedition. Arrowsmith's 'Map of the United States of North America' is the most desirable from his well noted career. An acclaimed British cartographer, Aaron Arrowsmith drafted accurate, detailed charts that earned him the titles of Hydrographer to the King of England and Geographer to the Prince of Wales, extremely important distinctions during an era when Britain ruled the waves. One of the first great British cartographers of North America, Arrowsmith introduced a new standard of excellence in mapmaking in the late 18th century and almost single-handedly made London the center for the cartographic trade. Arrowsmith built his great success on this ability to attract both commercial and general viewers through his combination of visual and scientific appeal. The most influential and respected map publisher of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Arrowsmith issued maps that were the result of careful synthesis rather than systematic, scientific inquiry. His role in cartographic production was to gather the best available information from a wide variety of sources, weigh the relative merits of conflicting data, and compile the most accurate depiction possible of an area. Arrowsmith accomplished this synthesis better than any other commercial mapmaker of his day and, as a result, his maps were the most sought after and highly prized on three continents. Stephens 79 (e). Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72map43

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Buchbeschreibung: H. S. Tanner, Philadelphia, 1825. Buchzustand: Very Good. Tanner’s New American Atlas, 1825. Masterpiece of 19th Century American Cartography. Fine example of Tanner’s revised and updated second edition of "one of the most magnificent atlases ever published in the United States," (Walter Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers). Includes splendid four sheet wall map of North America joined for display in original hand color.Condition: Maps in fine condition. Tanner’s maps were scrupulously detailed and updated with latest changes in explorations,state, county and town surveys, (having issued two versions of Tennessee in 1823: one with nine unnamed new counties and the next with those counties named). His attention to geographic detail is matched by his mastery of cartographic design, engraving and choice of coloring. This atlas contains maps of the world, four continents, a large South America, 11 double-page maps of groupings of states, and the magnificent wall map of North America with its handsome title cartouche showing American wildlife. No other atlas of the period has such aesthetic appeal and cartographic significance. *****Marked DO NOT LIST ON WEB****** 3-14-2016 PER PHONE CALL FROM OWNER. book. Buchnummer des Verkäufers B-000022870

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South Carolina Secession Ordinance]:

Verlag: [Charleston, S.C.: Evans and Cogswell, Dec. 18 or 19, 1860]. (1860)

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Buchbeschreibung: [Charleston, S.C.: Evans and Cogswell, Dec. 18 or 19, 1860]., 1860. Broadside, 13 1/2 x 8 1/4 inches. Stained along the left edge. Wrinkles and old folds. Heavily tape-repaired on the verso. Good. In a half morocco box. A very rare draft printing, likely the earliest printing, of the South Carolina Secession Ordinance, apparently printed for the use of the seven-member committee appointed to draft the ordinance by which South Carolina seceded from the Union, precipitating the Civil War. It is thus one of the most important printed documents of the entire Civil War. After Lincoln's election, South Carolina moved vigorously to follow through its threat to secede from the Union. A secession convention was called, and assembled at Charleston on Dec. 17, 1860. Their entire business was to debate the issue of secession, which they favored overwhelmingly, and to settle on the wording of a secession ordinance. The ordinance drafting committee created the present text, and within three days, the 169 members of the Convention voted unanimously for the ordinance. This is the printing of the ordinance that was made for the use of the seven members of the committee appointed to draft the secession ordinance, and is likely its earliest printing. The ordinance is set up in the form of a "slip bill" or "reading bill," familiar to most delegates as the typical form of a legislative bill in working draft, with the body of the text in numbered, double-spaced lines to facilitate the making of corrections. Textually, it is identical to the final draft version of the ordinance as distributed to the members of the full secession convention for their final vote. It differs from that later printing slightly in form however; the present version is printed in a much plainer manner, and does not italicize the title of the ordinance or the preamble, as is found in the later printing. Also, in the title of the ordinance, "America" is hyphenated "Ame-rica," indicating the work of a printer who was not as concerned with aesthetic appeal as they would have been for the final product presented to the full convention. Though without an imprint, this version was likely printed by Evans and Cogswell, who were printers to the secession convention. Following the title, given above, the text reads: "We, the People of the State of South Carolina, in Convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, That the Ordinance adopted by us in Convention, on the twenty-third day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, and also, all Acts and parts of Acts of the General Assembly of this State, ratifying amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and that the union now subsisting between South Carolina and other States, under the name of 'The United States of America,' is hereby dissolved." Presumably, only a small number of copies would have been printed for the use of the seven-member ordinance drafting committee, and we are aware of only three other copies that have survived. One of those is in the Robert Barnwell Rhett papers at the Charleston Museum, and contains marginal annotations, presumably in Rhett's own hand. Rhett was a member of the secession ordinance drafting committee. There are also copies at Emory University and at the College of Charleston. Parrish & Willingham and Crandall both locate a copy at the Huntington Library, but according to the Huntington Library catalogue their holdings are of two, different, later printings of the secession ordinance. We are not aware of any copies of this first draft printing of the South Carolina Secession Ordinance to appear in the market. By comparison, a copy of the "slip bill" version that was presented to the consideration of the full convention was sold by this firm to the collector, Jay Snider, and reappeared at his auction at Christie's in 2005 where it sold for $66,000. PARRISH & WILLINGHAM 3795. CRANDALL 1888. SABIN 87444 (ref). Buchnummer des Verkäufers WRCAM 48421

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Buchbeschreibung: C. & A. Conrad, et al., Philadelphia, 1810. 8vo (9 x 6 inches). Frontispiece portrait (browned), three folding tables, six engraved maps at the end including five fine folding, of which two are charts of the "Internal Part of Louisiana," one map and one sketch of the "Internal Provinces of New Spain," and a "Map of the Mississippi River from its Source to the Mouth of the Missouri" (only very lightly browned with some minor offsetting, small marginal tear to A2 just crossing the text, first page of Appendix I torn with an early repair). ORIGINAL BLUE PAPER BOARDS, remains of printed paper label on the spine, uncut (spine worn with some loss); modern cloth clamshell box. Provenance: One contemporary marginal annotation to the second appendix of part one; with Dorothy Sloan 15th February 2006, lot 68 AN EXCEPTIONAL COPY IN ORIGINAL BOARDS OF THE FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST GOVERNMENT EXPLORATION OF THE SOUTHWEST. First edition of the first U.S. government exploration of the Southwest. This edition contains the first appearance in print of the first maps of the Southwest to be based on firsthand exploration. The Louisiana Purchase was one of Thomas Jefferson's crowning achievements, and in the following four years he commissioned a number of expeditions to explore the largely unknown territory. In 1804 Lewis and Clark ventured westward from St. Louis; Sibley, Dunbar and Freeman explored the Spanish border region in Texas; and in 1806 Pike went to explore the southernmost border region north of New Spain. His orders were to explore the Arkansas and Red Rivers, but by February of 1807 he had reached the upper reaches of the Rio Grande having missed the Red River entirely: "Spanish authorities learned of his presence and sent a force to arrest him and his men. They were taken to Santa Fe and then sent on to Chihuahua. Pike's maps and papers were confiscated, but he managed to retain his diary and journals by secreting them in the gun barrels of his men. Apparently he was able to convince the Spaniards that he had entered New Spain by accident, as he was escorted by armed guard through Texas via San Antonio to the Sabine, where he was released. He arrived at Natchioches in June, 1807, having thus had the opportunity to examine New Mexico and Texas in some detail, at the expense of the Spanish government." (Jenkins). "In the hierarchy of significant westward expeditions, that of Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813) ranks right below that of Lewis and Clark. While his was not the first official reconnaissance of the west, he provided 'the earliest official geographical image of the trans-Mississippi West'. Pike's map and journal.provided the first authentic information about the Upper Mississippi. On the Conejos River, an effluent of the Rio Grande, well into Spanish territory, Pike boldly constructed a fort. It was at this fort that he was arrested and taken first to Santa Fe and then to Chihuahua for a meeting with Don Nemesio Salcedo, the governor of New Spain. The authorities confiscated, among other documents, a manuscript map of the Santa Fe Trail. While in custody of the Spanish, Pike learned 'just how many and what kind of troops the Spanish had on hand to defend the northern provinces,' according to William Goetzmann, 'and he was well informed on the character and personalities of all the Spanish military leaders. No more successful espionage operation has ever been conducted in recorded American history.' Pike returned from captivity without his sketch maps, making the creation of his own map more difficult. He had managed to smuggle traverse tables in the rifle barrels that he and his men were allowed to take with them after being released. These tables enabled him to reconstruct parts of the upper Arkansas, and to his credit, his map is the first to accurately delineate the Arkansas and its tributaries. Nevertheless, large sections of 'A Chart of the Internal Part of Louisiana' (1810), were based on Alexander von Humboldt's map . It is paradoxical that Pike, Buchnummer des Verkäufers 001999

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MELISH, John (1771-1822).

Verlag: Philadelphia: John Melish, 1815. (1815)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: John Melish, 1815., 1815. 8vo., (8 4/8 x 5 2/8 inches). 9 folding large folding engraved maps with original hand-colour in outline and in part (some early repairs to verso of first map, one or two maps loose at guards) and 3 full-page maps (text leaves browned and spotted). Original half red roan, marbled paper boards, linen ties (extremities a bit worn, and chipped with loss at the foot of the spine). Second and enlarged edition, first published in 1813, and including four large folding maps not present in the first edition: "Chart of East End of Lake Ontario, and River St. Lawrence from Kingston to St. Lawrence", "Map of the River St. Lawrence. from Williamsburg to Montreal", "Map of the Seat of War among the Creek Indians", and the "Map of New Orleans". The other maps include: "Map of the Seat of War in North America", "View round the Falls of Niagara", "East End of Lake Ontario", "Montreal", "Map of the Southern Section of the United States", "Plan of Quebec", "Map of the American Coast", "Map of Detroit River". Melish published the first American-produced wall map depicting the country from coast to coast in 1816, distinguishing him as "the leading American map publisher of the second decade and placed American maps on equal footing with those produced by the prestigious firms in London and Paris." (Schwartz and Ehrenberg). Melish was inspired to create his celebrated wall map of America by a "very respectable friend" who noticed the "Map of the Seat of War" published here. He wrote to him "during the progress of war., when talking of the Map of the Seat of War, said 'I wish friend John, thee would make a Map of the Seat of Peace.' The hint was not lost. The author had seen the good effects of maps, particularly when accompanied by descriptions." (reported by Ristow). In his Preface Melish writes of this new edition: "The tumult of war having now happily subsided, the publisher presents 'The Military and Topographical atlas" in a new dress, calculated to illustrate the important operations in times that are past. As the materials of which this work is composes, were brought forward at different periods, and under various circumstances, . Previous to the declaration of war, the author had travelled extensively in the northern and western parts of the United States, collecting information regarding the present state of the country; and from the materials procured during that journey, with others that were furnished him in Philadelphia, he compiled the "Map of the Seat of War", which had a most rapid and extensive sale". Cf Martin/Ristow 24. Catalogued by Kate Hunter. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72lib594

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KENDALL, George Wilkins (1809-1867) and Carl NEBEL (1805-1855).

Verlag: New York: D. Appleton & Company; Philadelphia: George S. Appleton, 1851. (1851)

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Buchbeschreibung: New York: D. Appleton & Company; Philadelphia: George S. Appleton, 1851., 1851. Folio (22 4/8 x 17 2/8 inches). (Title-page and text leaves a bit spotted). One lithographic map "of the Operations of the American Army in the Valley of Mexico in August and September 1847", 12 EXCEPTIONALLY fine hand-coloured lithographic plates heightened with gum arabic by Adolphe Jean-Baptiste Bayot after Carl Nebel (one or two instances of marginal spotting, affecting the image on one plate). Original blue linen, printed paper label on the front cover (some staining, a bit scuffed, endleaves creased). First edition, variant issue in cloth binding, also published in paper wrappers, loose in a portfolio, and in half cloth. George W. Kendall was a printer, a respected newspaperman, and a journalist whose account of his Santa Fe Trail adventures in 1841-1842, following his surrender to the Mexicans, was first published as letters in serial publications. His story, once released in book form in 1844, was so compelling that it went through many contemporary editions and upwards of 40000 copies were sold through the conclusion of the Mexican War in 1847. Kendall supported the admission of Texas to the Union, and was in Texas as a reporter when he heard the news of the Mexican War. "Despite his earlier experiences, he accompanied the armies of Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott into Mexico as a war correspondent. While there, he captured a cavalry flag, was wounded in the knee, and earned widespread praise for devising, with Lumsden, methods for swift transmission of his war dispatches to the "Picayune". The men fitted out a small steamer as a press ship; it met other ships bearing war news, readied the news for printing, and took it to New Orleans, where workers at the "Picayune" rushed it to the press. It was circulated in the city and transmitted by swift express riders to other newspapers in the country. Kendall's biographer Fayette Copeland says that his Mexican War journalism made him famous as "the first modern war correspondent and the most widely known reporter in America in his day" (p. 150). "Before leaving Mexico, Kendall had agreed to write a book about the war that a [German] artist, Carl Nebel, was to illustrate. In 1848 Kendall sailed to France to work on the book, which was published in New Orleans and New York in 1851 as "The War between the United States and Mexico Illustrated". While in France, Kendall wrote frequent dispatches for the "Picayune" about the revolution of 1848. He also met and in 1849 married Adeline de Valcourt, a woman twenty-two years his junior, with whom he had four children. In 1852 he and his family moved to Texas near the present city of New Braunfels, where he became a sheep farmer at his ranch, "Post Oak" (Mary Ann Wimsatt for ADNB). "The very best American battle scenes in existence" (Bennett) Nebel, originally from Hamburg in Germany, travelled to America and lived in Mexico from 1829 until 1834. In 1836, he published in Paris his celebrated work "Voyage pittoresque et archéologique dans la partie la plus intéressante du Méxique", with 50 lithographs and an introduction by renowned explorer Alexander Humboldt. Nebel's magnificent plates in this volume depict the major battles of the Mexican War in dramatic and glorious detail, and include: "Probably the finest lithographic view of Texas produced in the nineteenth century" (Tyler) Battle of Palo. The only Texas lithograph in the work .The Battle of Palo Alto (May 8, 1846), fought on Texas soil north of Brownsville, was the first major engagement of the Mexican-American War and the first U.S. victory (Handbook of Texas Online: Battle of Palo Alto). The view, which shows the action from the perspective of a viewer behind the U.S. lines looking south toward the Mexican positions, has been praised for its artistic beauty and historical verisimilitude. Ron Tyler rates the print as "probably the finest lithographic view of Texas produced in the nineteenth century." Tyler comments: "Nebel adopted a practice in the Palo Alto print, t. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72lib957

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AUDUBON, John James (1785-1851)

Verlag: E.G.Dorsey for J.J.Audubon and [vols.I-V] J.B.Chevalier, New York & Philadelphia (1844)

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Buchbeschreibung: E.G.Dorsey for J.J.Audubon and [vols.I-V] J.B.Chevalier, New York & Philadelphia, 1844. 7 volumes, octavo. (10 1/4 x 6 3/8 inches). Half-titles, 18pp. subscribers' lists. 500 hand-coloured lithographed plates after Audubon by W.E. Hitchcock, R. Trembley and others, printed by J.T. Bowen of Philadelphia (plates 1-135, 151-500) or George Endicott of New York (plates 136-150), numerous wood-engraved anatomical figures in text. Expertly bound to style in half black morocco and period marbled paper covered boards, spines with semi-raised double bands in five compartments, ruled in gilt on each band, lettered in gilt, brown endpapers The first octavo edition of Audubon's Great National Work: a large set, bound from the original parts and exceptionally clean internally. The plates, here accompanied by the text for the first time, were reduced and variously modified from the Havell engravings in the double-elephant folio. Seven new species are figured and seventeen others, previously described in the Ornithological Biography but not illustrated, were also shown for the first time. Audubon may have been prompted to publish the reduced version of his double-elephant folio by the appearance in 1839 of John Kirk Townsend's rival Ornithology of the United States , or, as he writes in the introduction to the present work, he may have succumbed to public demand and his wish that a work similar to his large work should be published but "at such a price, as would enable every student or lover of nature to place it in his Library." The first edition of the octavo work is certainly the most famous and accessible of all the great American colour plate books, and now represents the only realistic opportunity that exists for collectors to own an entire collection of Audubon images in a form that was overseen and approved by the great artist himself. The octavo Birds of America was originally issued in 100 parts, each containing five plates. The whole story of the production of the book, with detailed information about every aspect of the project, is told by Ron Tyler in Audubon's Great National Work (Austin, 1993). The story Tyler tells of the difficulties of production and marketing are revealing of the whole world of colour printing in mid-19th-century America. The enormous success of the work was important to Audubon for two main reasons: first, it was a moneymaker, marketed throughout the United States on a scale that the great cost of the original Birds of America had made impossible. Second, by combining a detailed text with careful observations next to his famous images, he offered further proof that he was as good a scientific naturalist as the members of the scientific establishment who had scorned his earlier work. This set an unusually tall set bound from the original part and remarkably clean of any foxing or staining. Among the nicest sets internally which we have ever handled. Bennett p.5; Fries, Appendix A; Nissen IVB 51; Reese Stamped With A National Character 34; Ripley 13; Ron Tyler Audubon's Great National Work (1993) Appendix I; Sabin 2364; Wood p.208; Zimmer p.22. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 30511

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Amos Dolittle (1754-1832)

Verlag: New Haven

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Buchbeschreibung: New Haven. N/A. Buchzustand: Good. Stipple and line engraving with original hand-coloring. Circa 1791, State # 3. Aging of paper and scattered loss in image and along the bottom legend. Overall a good example. Sheet size: 22 x 18". Inventory#: p427pmat. Perhaps the most important and certainly the rarest of all Washington imprints. Doolittle's work celebrates George Washington's indispensable role in the formation and future success of our nation's federal government. A chain of state seals connected by the Great Seal of the United States encircles Washington, and corresponds to his belief that "our Assemblies in Politics are to be compared to the Wheels of a Clock.if all will do their parts the Machine works easy; but a failure in one disorders the whole, and without the large one.nothing can be done." Engraved in 1788, the plate was altered over the course of eight years with various bibliographic as well as updated versions of the Washington portrait. This third state example shows Washington in full military dress with the arms of Vermont added along with a blank shield on the lower left side. Doolittle played a key role during the American colonies' war for independence and the early years of the new nation. An enterprising printer and engraver in New Haven, Connecticut, he exploited the commercial potential of George Washington's likeness following the 1788 election campaign--the country's first--to create one of the earliest American presidential political prints. Of exceptional size, this work represents a significant achievement in American popular printmaking and marked George Washington's passage from military command to civilian rule. 0. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 000427

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Buchbeschreibung: NP, Washington DC, 1946. Hardcover. Buchzustand: g. First edition. A collection of over 500 works from 1836-1979 (with a facsimile from 1826, and later typescripts of works from the 1700's) documenting the relationship between the U.S. Government and American Indians, including: treaties, information and statistics about the tribes, financial affairs between tribes and the government, the establishment of Indian reservations, and legal efforts on behalf of the Indians to enforce terms of the treaties. The collection has two parts:1. Government Section:U.S. government reports, treaties, documents with extremely detailed statistics concerning Native American tribes, and additional primary historical reference and secondary materials, including 108 volumes of Annual Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (nearly a complete run), Territorial Papers, Indian Affairs Laws and Treaties and more.2. Litigation Section:Collection of legal papers integral to claims filed in the post World War II period by American Indians against the U.S. government for failure to comply with terms of historical treaties, adjudicated by the Indian Claims Court, the U.S. Court of Claims and the Supreme Court of the United States, along with final reports of the Claims Commissioner. Including petitions, legal briefs, findings of fact and thousands of pages of typescript evidentiary documents, primarily court claimant and valuation exhibits, reply briefs, objections to findings, judgments and appeals; Indian Claims Commission Annual Reports.The combination of intensely detailed historical information and litigation documentation provides a profound and comprehensive picture of the changing status of the American Indian in the 19th and 20th centuries. The collection is a valuable source of primary materials that support the study and analysis of America's prejudice and westward expansion policies. Detailed description and finding aids available upon request. Lance Rochmes was a civil rights lawyer extensively involved in Native American legal claims during 1960-1980. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 10810

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Buchbeschreibung: Mostly reprint. Years 1861-1964 (399 volumes). Washington, D.C., 1861-2002. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 09889

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Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition.: WILKES, Charles (1798-1877)

WILKES, Charles (1798-1877)

Verlag: C. Sherman, Philadelphia (1845)

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Buchbeschreibung: C. Sherman, Philadelphia, 1845. 6 volumes (text: 5 vols., quarto [12 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches]; atlas of maps: 1 vol., (10 1/2 x 6 1/2 inches]). Text: half-titles, vol.V with small format errata slip. 9 double-page maps, 64 steel engraved plates, 293 woodcut and steel engraved illustrations (including 47 steel-engraved vignettes). (Some light offsetting from plates); atlas: 5 folding maps, one hand-coloured. (Browned, some expert repairs to folds). Text: contemporary half-calf over marble paper-covered boards, rebacked to style in roan, spines ruled and lettered in gilt, marbled edges (slight rubbing to corners); atlas: contemporary marbled calf (expertly rebacked to style, corners rubbed), all contained within three modern blue morocco-backed cloth boxes, with onlaid red morocco labels tooled in gilt. First edition, mixed issue, of the text: the volumes limited to between 75 and 150 copies The first three volumes of the text are variants of the first edition, first issue (cf. Haskell 1, limited to 100 copies, of which 25 were destroyed by fire): the official issue, with Sherman's name on the front of the titles, but a variant with no mention on the half-titles that the work was published 'by authority of Congress'. The fourth and fifth volumes are from the first edition, second (unofficial) issue (Haskell 2A, limited to 150 copies). The atlas (Haskell 17B), from an edition of 1000 copies, was issued to accompany the imperial 8vo issue. This set therefore includes elements from the only two quarto issues of this work, allied with the atlas from the subsequent imperial 8vo issue. 'Wilkes wrote in Jan. 28, 1845, that since general distribution "would not be accomplished by the one hundred copies ordered by the government of the 4to edition . I have had printed the remainder of the token, (namely 150 copies) of the 4to edition, for the purpose of presentation to my friends, and for sale to those who should desire a book of that size" (Haskell p.37). The United States Exploring Expedition 'was the first American scientific expedition of any size, charged to "extend the bounds of Science and promote the acquisition of knowledge," and was one of the most ambitious Pacific expeditions ever attempted' (Forbes). The expedition represents 'the first governmental sponsorship of scientific endeavor and was instrumental in the nation's westward expansion. Specimens gathered by expedition scientists became the foundation collections of the Smithsonian Institution. Significant American contributions in the fields of geology, botany, conchology, anthropology, and linguistics came from the scientific work of the expedition. Wilkes's evaluations of his landfalls influenced later U.S. positions in those areas' (Dictionary of American Biography). 'The chief fields of exploration in this expedition were the coast of the Antarctic continent, the islands of the Pacific Ocean, and the American northwest coast. In total some 280 islands in the Pacific and adjacent waters and 800 miles of streams and coasts in the Oregon country were surveyed, and 1,600 miles of the the coast of Antarctica were charted. After leaving Hampton Roads in 1838, the expedition visited Madeira, the Cape Verde Islands, Brazil, Patagonia, the South Shetland Islands and Peter I Island, Chile, and Peru, before proceeding to the Tuamotu or the low Archipelago, the Samoa Islands, and New South Wales. From Sydney, Wilkes sailed into the region now known as Wilkesland. He visited Tonga, the Fiji group, and the Hawaiian Islands in 1840, and in 1841 explored the west coast of North America. Much valuable information is given on the Columbia River, the Willamette Valley, Puget Sound, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Sacramento Valley, and the findings on the northwest coast of America proved timely in light of the dispute with Great Britain over the Oregon Territory. The Wilkes expedition also visited San Francisco bay and the Sacramento River. Crossing the Pacific, Wilkes called at the Philippine Islands, the Sulu Archi. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 17401

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Buchbeschreibung: He acts in his official capacity as Chief Executive under Article II of the U.S. Constitution, which provides that the President Òshall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appointÉÓThe only letter of his to the Senate as a whole, fulfilling this Constitutional role, that we have ever seen; One of the nominees is WashingtonÕs own nephew, son of his sister Betty; The officers served under Gen. Anthony Wayne on the western frontierIn the early 1790s, the western Pennsylvanian frontier was a dangerous place, with white settlers clashing with Native Americans with ever increasing frequency. U.S. military expeditions against these Indians were conducted in 1790 and 1791, culminating in two major defeats at the hands of Chief Little Turtle. General Josiah Harmar lost over 700 killed and wounded at the Battle of the Maumee, and General Arthur St. Clair. General St. Clair, Commander of the U.S. Army in 1791, had his force almost entirely wiped out, losing over 900 of his 1400-man army at the Battle of Wabash. Many of these troops, who had performed poorly, were state militiamen. With perhaps about 1,000 effective and on duty soldiers in the national army left to protect the entire new nation, the United States was in a perilous military position. The Founding Fathers had been suspicious of standing armies, believing that the militia would be suited to all the nation's defensive needs. However, these defeats caused a shift in thinking. At the suggestion of Secretary of War Henry Knox, it was decided to recruit and train a "Legion" - i.e., a force that would combine all land combat arms of the day (cavalry, infantry, artillery) into one efficient unit that would be divisible into stand-alone combined arms teams. On March 5, 1792, Congress agreed with this proposal, and authorized the creation of the first American standing army; however, it would not do so permanently, but only until "the United States shall be at peace with the Indian tribes." Congress authorized President Washington to organize or complete five regiments of infantry, and one each of cavalry and artillery, and gave him broad discretion in doing so. That executive discretion was itself unprecedented. Gen. Anthony Wayne was given control of the new force, and his aide was future President William Henry Harrison. Washington proceeded to name officers for the new legion, and plans for its taking the field were set in motion. Most officer nominees accepted the new posts, but some, such as William Lewis, Hugh Caperton, Baker Davidson, William Lowther, and James Hawkins, declined. Washington nominated men to fill the posts they had declined, but since the U.S. Senate was not in session to confirm the selections, he did so on a temporary basis. Washington wrote Knox on September 15, 1792, saying ÒAs soon as the Waters of the Ohio will permit, General Wayne will forward a respectable detachment from Pittsburgh including those rifle Companies raised on the South Western frontiers of Virginia, to Fort Washington [present day Cincinnati].Ó These rifle companies were commanded by Captains Alexander Gibson, Howell Lewis, Thomas Lewis, and William Preston, three of whom were recipients of these interim appointments.When Congress returned to session, President Washington sent in the nominations for confirmation. Letter signed, Philadelphia, November 19, 1792, to ÒGentlemen of the SenateÓ. ÒÒThe following appointments have been made in the Army of the United States during the recess of the Senate; and I now nominate the following persons to fill the offices annexed to their names respectively.Ó He makes Peter L. Van Allen a lieutenant of artillery; Alexander Gibson, Howell Lewis and William Preston are all named captains in the infantry; and Jonathan Taylor and Andrew Shanklin are each made ensigns in the infantry. The document is notable, and unique in our experience, for Washington dating it not from Philadelphia, where the Federal Government sat at t. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 10917

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Wilkes, Charles:

Verlag: Philadelphia: C. Sherman, 1844-1845. (1845)

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Buchbeschreibung: Philadelphia: C. Sherman, 1844-1845., 1845. Six volumes: five quarto text volumes plus atlas. Text: Half titles; small format errata slip in Vol. V. Nine double-page maps, sixty-four steel engraved plates, 293 woodcut and steel engraved illustrations (including forty- seven steel-engraved vignettes). Atlas: Five folding maps, one handcolored. Text: Contemporary half calf over marble paper-covered boards, rebacked to style in roan, spines ruled and lettered in gilt, marbled edges. Some light offsetting from plates. Atlas: Contemporary marbled calf, expertly rebacked to style. Corners slightly rubbed. Browned, some expert repairs to map folds. Else very good. All contained within three modern blue morocco-backed cloth boxes, with onlaid red morocco labels tooled in gilt. First edition, mixed issue, of the text: the volumes limited to between seventy-five and 150 copies. The first three volumes of the text are variants of the first edition, first issue (Haskell 1, limited to 100 copies, of which twenty-five were destroyed by fire): the official issue, with Sherman's name on the front of the titles, but a variant with no mention on the half titles that the work was published "by authority of Congress." The fourth and fifth volumes are from the first edition, second (unofficial) issue (Haskell 2A, limited to 150 copies). The atlas (Haskell 17B), from an edition of 1000 copies, was issued to accompany the imperial octavo issue. This set therefore includes elements from the only two quarto issues of this work, allied with the atlas from the subsequent imperial octavo issue. "Wilkes wrote in Jan. 28, 1845, that since general distribution 'would not be accomplished by the one hundred copies ordered by the government of the 4to edition.I have had printed the remainder of the token, (namely 150 copies) of the 4to edition, for the purpose of presentation to my friends, and for sale to those who should desire a book of that size'" - Haskell (p.37). The United States Exploring Expedition "was the first American scientific expedition of any size, charged to 'extend the bounds of Science and promote the acquisition of knowledge,' and was one of the most ambitious Pacific expeditions ever attempted" (Forbes). The expedition represents "the first governmental sponsorship of scientific endeavor and was instrumental in the nation's westward expansion. Specimens gathered by expedition scientists became the foundation collections of the Smithsonian Institution. Significant American contributions in the fields of geology, botany, conchology, anthropology, and linguistics came from the scientific work of the expedition. Wilkes's evaluations of his landfalls influenced later U.S. positions in those areas" (DAB). "The chief fields of exploration in this expedition were the coast of the Antarctic continent, the islands of the Pacific Ocean, and the American northwest coast. In total some 280 islands in the Pacific and adjacent waters and 800 miles of streams and coasts in the Oregon country were surveyed, and 1,600 miles of the coast of Antarctica were charted. After leaving Hampton Roads in 1838, the expedition visited Madeira, the Cape Verde Islands, Brazil, Patagonia, the South Shetland Islands and Peter I Island, Chile, and Peru, before proceeding to the Tuamotu or the low Archipelago, the Samoa Islands, and New South Wales. From Sydney, Wilkes sailed into the region now known as Wilkesland. He visited Tonga, the Fiji group, and the Hawaiian Islands in 1840, and in 1841 explored the west coast of North America. Much valuable information is given on the Columbia River, the Willamette Valley, Puget Sound, the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Sacramento Valley, and the findings on the northwest coast of America proved timely in light of the dispute with Great Britain over the Oregon Territory. The Wilkes expedition also visited San Francisco bay and the Sacramento River. Crossing the Pacific, Wilkes called at the Philippine Islands, the Sulu Archipelago, Borneo, Singapore, and, rounding the Cape. Buchnummer des Verkäufers WRCAM 37086

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Buchbeschreibung: Hartford: Watson & Goodwin, [1778]., 1778. Broadside, 16 1/2 x 10 1/2 inches. Old fold lines. Light wear and separation at some folds. Corners clipped; some light soiling and foxing. Docketed on verso in a contemporary hand. Very good. In a half morocco and cloth box. This Address to the American people, issued by the Continental Congress on May 7, 1778, was read and heard by much of the colonial American population. This moment, when the country's outlook was at its lowest, is a key point in American history. Congress encourages the American people to take heart, arguing that because the cause is just, and the Americans staunch, the United States will prevail. It is the very pivot of the Revolution. The Address was as widely circulated as other key early texts of the Revolution, appearing in nine different broadside editions in May and June of 1778, making it the most widely circulated Congressional proclamation of the war years after the Declaration of Independence itself. In the Spring of 1778 things were looking especially bleak for the fledgling United States. In the fall of 1777 the British had captured Philadelphia, causing the Congress to flee to York, Pennsylvania; Washington and the Continental Army had spent a harrowing winter at Valley Forge; and, the much awaited French alliance had yet to materialize. When news of Franklin's successful negotiation of the Treaty of Alliance arrived at the beginning of May, Congress swiftly ratified it and issued this Address to the nation telling them to take heart. On May 3, 1778, four days prior to the passage of this Address, Congress had unanimously ratified the French treaty. The Address emphasizes that America had sought compromise "with the Earnestness of humble intreaty," having "supplicated a Redress of our Grievances," but to no avail. Now, in the midst of war, "On one side we behold Fraud and Violence labouring in the Service of Despotism; on the other, Virtue and Fortitude supporting and establishing the Rights of human Nature." After denouncing the actions of the British in America at length, the broadside calls for the "strenuous unremitted Exertions" of the populace, proclaiming that "It hath now become morally certain that if we have courage to persevere, we shall establish our Liberties and Independence." The Address goes on to discuss financial and economic matters, both of the nation and the individuals: "They tell you, it is true, that your money is of no value; and your debts so enormous they can never be paid. But we tell you, that if Britain prosecutes the War another campaign, that single campaign will cost her more than we have hitherto expended.It becomes you deeply to reflect on this subject. Is there a country on earth, which hath such resources for the payment of her debts as America? Such an extensive territory? So fertile, so blessed in its climate and productions? Surely there is none.The sweets of a free commerce with every part of the earth will soon reimburse you for all the losses you have sustained. The full tide of wealth will flow in upon your shores, free from the arbitrary impositions of those, whose interest, and whose declared policy it was to check your growth. Your interests will be fostered and nourished by governments that derive their power from your grant, and will therefore be obliged by the influence of cogent necessity, to exert it in your favor." The broadside closes with this bold statement: "Thus shall the power and happiness of these sovereign free and independent states, founded on the virtue of their citizens, increase, extend and endure, until the Almighty shall blot out all the Empires of the Earth." The broadside is signed in type by Henry Laurens as President of Congress, followed by the resolve that it should be read by all ministers of every faith following church service, in order that it reach as wide an audience as possible. The Address was swiftly circulated and printed in nine separate broadside printings in the two months after its issuance on May 7, 177. Buchnummer des Verkäufers WRCAM 44254

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KENDALL, George Wilkins (1809-1867) and Carl NEBEL (1805-1855).

Verlag: New York: D. Appleton & Company; Philadelphia: George S. Appleton, 1851. (1851)

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Buchbeschreibung: New York: D. Appleton & Company; Philadelphia: George S. Appleton, 1851., 1851. Folio (22 4/8 x 17 inches). One lithographic map "Map of the Operations of the American Army in the Valley of Mexico in August and September 1847" 12 hand-coloured lithographic plates heightened with gum arabic by Adolphe Jean-Baptiste Bayot after Carl Nebel (some spotting throughout and occasional light marginal staining). Original blue linen, printed paper label on the front cover (some staining, a bit scuffed at the extremities). Provenance: with the small library label of the Litchfield Historical Society on the front paste-down. First edition, variant issue in cloth binding, also published in paper wrappers, loose in a portfolio, and in half cloth. George W. Kendall was a printer, a respected newspaperman, and a journalist whose account of his Santa Fe Trail adventures in 1841-1842, following his surrender to the Mexicans, was first published as letters in serial publications. His story, once released in book form in 1844, was so compelling that it went through many contemporary editions and upwards of 40000 copies were sold through the conclusion of the Mexican War in 1847. Kendall supported the admission of Texas to the Union, and was in Texas as a reporter when he heard the news of the Mexican War. "Despite his earlier experiences, he accompanied the armies of Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott into Mexico as a war correspondent. While there, he captured a cavalry flag, was wounded in the knee, and earned widespread praise for devising, with Lumsden, methods for swift transmission of his war dispatches to the "Picayune". The men fitted out a small steamer as a press ship; it met other ships bearing war news, readied the news for printing, and took it to New Orleans, where workers at the "Picayune" rushed it to the press. It was circulated in the city and transmitted by swift express riders to other newspapers in the country. Kendall's biographer Fayette Copeland says that his Mexican War journalism made him famous as "the first modern war correspondent and the most widely known reporter in America in his day" (p. 150). "Before leaving Mexico, Kendall had agreed to write a book about the war that a [German] artist, Carl Nebel, was to illustrate. In 1848 Kendall sailed to France to work on the book, which was published in New Orleans and New York in 1851 as "The War between the United States and Mexico Illustrated". While in France, Kendall wrote frequent dispatches for the "Picayune" about the revolution of 1848. He also met and in 1849 married Adeline de Valcourt, a woman twenty-two years his junior, with whom he had four children. In 1852 he and his family moved to Texas near the present city of New Braunfels, where he became a sheep farmer at his ranch, "Post Oak" (Mary Ann Wimsatt for ADNB). "The very best American battle scenes in existence" (Bennett) Nebel, originally from Hamburg in Germany, travelled to America and lived in Mexico from 1829 until 1834. In 1836, he published in Paris his celebrated work "Voyage pittoresque et archéologique dans la partie la plus intéressante du Méxique", with 50 lithographs and an introduction by renowned explorer Alexander Humboldt. Nebel's magnificent plates in this volume depict the major battles of the Mexican War in dramatic and glorious detail, and include: "Probably the finest lithographic view of Texas produced in the nineteenth century" (Tyler) Battle of Palo. The only Texas lithograph in the work .The Battle of Palo Alto (May 8, 1846), fought on Texas soil north of Brownsville, was the first major engagement of the Mexican-American War and the first U.S. victory (Handbook of Texas Online: Battle of Palo Alto). The view, which shows the action from the perspective of a viewer behind the U.S. lines looking south toward the Mexican positions, has been praised for its artistic beauty and historical verisimilitude. Ron Tyler rates the print as "probably the finest lithographic view of Texas produced in the nineteenth century." Tyler comments: "Nebel adopted a practic. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 72lib1158

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Buchbeschreibung: The original receipt for the donation establishing the fund which, after 247 years, continues to dispense grantsHancock was one of the wealthiest men in New England, having inherited a profitable mercantile shipping business from his uncle in 1764. He first came to public note in 1765 for his resistance to the Stamp Act, when he participated in a boycott of British goods. This made him popular in Boston, and he was elected a Selectman of the Town of Boston that year. He was then 28 years of age. This was followed in May 1766 by his election to the Massachusetts Legislature, a post he held concurrently with that in Boston. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, but soon passed the Townsend Acts, which imposed new taxes (including the famous levy on tea). Colonial merchants found the new regulations oppressive, and many colonists protested that the new duties were taxation without representation. Hancock joined other Bostonians in calling for a boycott of British imports until the Townshend duties were repealed. In their enforcement of the customs regulations, the Customs Board targeted Hancock, and tried to catch him as a smuggler who avoided paying the duties owed. In 1768 Hancock was in a major confrontation with British customs, which sued to seize one of his ships and to personally penalize Hancock himself. Hancock was tried in October 1768 on charges of allegedly unloading 100 pipes of wine from the ship Liberty without paying the duties. If convicted, Hancock would have had to pay a penalty of triple the value of the wine, which came to £9,000. With John Adams serving as his lawyer, Hancock fought the case in a highly publicized trial. Five months later, with no explanation, the charges against Hancock were dropped.James Richards was a merchant and real estate investor in Hartford, Connecticut in its early years. He died in 1680, leaving the staggering fortune of £7931, the third largest estate to have been probated in Hartford. His son Thomas was a legatee, and through his marriage to Joanna Dodd also came into land holdings in Boston. Thomas died in 1715, leaving all of his estate to his daughters, Mary and Joanna. Joanna Richards married William Brooker in 1720, he executing a prenuptial agreement to acknowledge her control of her property brought into the marriage. On May 11, 1759, being then a widow, Mrs. Brooker made a will which, after giving sundry legacies to her relatives and a gift to a missionary society, left the bulk of her estate for the relief of poor widows. The will was probated on August 11, 1763, and her estate amounted to the large sum of £1600.The ÒSelectmenÕs Minutes for the Town of BostonÓ show that, at a meeting on April 10, 1765, a committee was formed Òto call on the Executors of the Will of the late Mrs. Joanna Brooker, and enquire whether they are ready to pay into the hands of the Selectmen the Moneys left by the Testatrix, to be improved by the Selectmen of Boston for the time being as they shall Judge best, the income thereof to be by them applied for the relief of Widows etc., and they are desired to report as soon as may be.ÓTwo years later the Selectmen were still waiting for the Brooker executor to pay over the money. At a meeting on July 20, 1767, a committee of four men, one of whom was John Hancock, was appointed Òto call for the Money left by the Will of Mrs. Brooker for the Selectmen to distribute among such poor widows as they may Judge proper.Ó Apparently the executor was still not ready.Amidst the swirl of the momentous events of late 1768 and his trial, Hancock continued to perform his duties as Selectman of Boston. Manuscript document signed, Boston, December 20, 1768, being the Boston SelectmenÕs signed receipt for the Brooker bequest. ÒBeing there be Received of the Executor of Mrs. BrookerÕs will, for which he gave his receipt.Ó It is signed by Selectmen of Boston: John Scollay (longtime chairman and the great-grandfather of Henry Melville), John Hancock, Timothy Newell (Revolu. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 10803

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