The Diocese of Meath (Volume 1); Ancient and Modern

9780217345712: The Diocese of Meath (Volume 1); Ancient and Modern
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1862. Excerpt: ... 217 CHAPTER XXXIV. KILMAINHAM-BEG. A Preceptory was founded by Walter de Lacy, in the twelfth century, at Kilmainham-beg, near Kells, for Knights-Hospitallers, or Knights of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Speaking of the origin of this military order, which embodied much of the chivalry and faith of Christendom, Alban Butler observes:f "The Knights of Malta, or of St. John of Jerusalem, were originally called Knights-Hospitallers (i.e., those residing in an hospital to receive the poor and strangers, vol. i. p. 67), instituted by certain merchants of Amalphi, in the kingdom of Naples, who, trading in the Levant, obtained leave of the Caliph of the Saracens to build a house at Jerusalem for themselves and pilgrims, on paying an annual tribute. Soon after, they founded a church in honour of St. John the Baptist, with an hospital for sick pilgrims, from which they took their name. The valiant and most pious prince, Godfrey of Bouillon, who took Jerusalem in 1099, exceedingly favoured these hospitallers, who, in the reign of Baldwin the First, king of Jerusalem, in 1140, added to their three religious vows another, by which they obliged themselves to defend the pilgrims in the holy land from the insults of the Saracens. From that time they became a military order of knights, and wore for their badge a cross with eight points.... They make three religious vows, consequently can never marry; and add a fourth, never to make peace with the infidels. They observe certain constitutions, borrowed from the rule of the regular canons of St. Augustine". 1292. Friar John, of St. Bottulph, was preceptor of Kilmainham-beg. 132G. Friar Roger Utlawe was preceptor (Pat. 2, Edward the Second). 1381. King Richard the Second appointed Friar Richard White, preceptor of Kilm...

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