Festivals in Ancient Greece: Eleusinian Mysteries, Pythian Games, Thesmophoria, Isthmian Games, Ancient Olympic Games, Theorica

 
9781156467695: Festivals in Ancient Greece: Eleusinian Mysteries, Pythian Games, Thesmophoria, Isthmian Games, Ancient Olympic Games, Theorica
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 25. Chapters: Eleusinian Mysteries, Pythian Games, Thesmophoria, Isthmian Games, Ancient Olympic Games, Theorica, Thesmophoriazusae, Nemean Games, Adonia, Orgia, Delia, Panhellenic Games, Cotyttia, Skira, Panegyris, Soteria, Hellotia, Anthesphoria, Elaphebolia, Thalysia. Excerpt: The Olympic Games (Ancient Greek: - ta Olympia; Modern Greek: - Olympiakoi Agones) were a series of athletic competitions held for representatives of various city-states of Ancient Greece held in honour of Zeus. The exact origins of the Games are shrouded in myth and legend but records indicate that they began in 776 BC in Olympia in Greece. They were celebrated until 393 AD when they were suppressed by Theodosius I as part of the campaign to impose Christianity as a state religion. The Games were usually held every four years, or olympiad, as the unit of time came to be known. During a celebration of the Games, an Olympic Truce was enacted so that athletes could travel from their countries to the Games in safety. The prizes for the victors were olive wreaths or crowns. The Games became a political tool used by city-states to assert dominance over their rivals. Politicians would announce political alliances at the Games, and in times of war, priests would offer sacrifices to the gods for victory. The Games were also used to help spread Hellenistic culture throughout the Mediterranean. The Olympics also featured religious celebrations and artistic competitions. A great statue of Zeus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world was erected in Olympia to preside over the Games. Sculptors and poets would congregate each olympiad to display their works of art to would-be patrons. The ancient Olympics were rather different from the modern Games. There were fewer events, and only free men who spoke Greek could compete (although a woman, Bilistiche is also me...

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