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Long before ?Cesar Chávez? and ?Chicano? became commonly known, the word ?bracero? had established itself in the language of American politics. The Mexican Farm Labor Program?or bracero program as it came to be known?was from its inception in 1942 a highly controversial issue. At international, national, and subnational levels, it remained the focal point of an intense interest-group struggle. This struggle and its group combatants provide the central concern of this study.
In the early 1940?s agribusiness interests had sought to contract Mexican laborers (?braceros?) for work on United States farms. With the entry of the United States into World War II, legislation was passed for contracting braceros on a large scale. What was originally a wartime measure soon became an institution. During twenty-two years, 4.2 million braceros were contracted. The United States, at the insistence of the Mexican government, became a partner in the program, ensuring that the braceros were provided housing, set wages, and other benefits.
The program was, however, detrimental to one group in the United States: the native farmworker. Not only was the bracero provided guarantees that the native could not demand, but the bracero also got the native?s job.
During the late forties and fifties, organized labor gathered its forces in Congress to oppose the program. Finally, an administration favorable to the native farmworker threw its support behind the native laborer, and through the Department of labor measures were passed that made it less attractive to hire foreign labor.
In the end, the anti-bracero forces won out in Congress and defeated extension of the Mexican Farm Labor program. At the same time, the United States government, by setting the working standards for foreign workers, brought about an improvement in the working conditions and wages of native farm laborers.
Besides the conflicts between domestic interests, Craig examines the international conflicts and issues involved, as well as the international agreements that were the basis of bracero contracting. He discusses with perception the program?s immediate and long-range effects on Mexico. His study analyzes and clarifies one of the most controversial domestic and international programs of the twentieth century.
Über den Autor: Richard B. Craig (1935?2013) was Professor of Political Science at Kent State University.
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, 1971. Buchzustand: Good. First Edition. N/A. Former Library book. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. Buchnummer des Verkäufers GRP8650919
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press. Hardcover. Buchzustand: VERY GOOD. Very Good copy, cover and pages show some wear from reading and storage. Binding may have light creases. Lots of life left in these pages. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 2613763076
Buchbeschreibung Buchzustand: Very Good. Book Condition: Very Good. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 97802927014583.0
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, 1971. Hardcover. Buchzustand: Good. Good condition, some are ex-library and can have markings. Buchnummer des Verkäufers GD-011-45-0386200
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, Austin, 1971. Hardcover. xvii, 233p., preface, introduction, bibliography, index, footnotes, bookplate, very good first edition in cloth boards and heavily-price-clipped dj. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 10926
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, Austin, 1971. Cloth. Buchzustand: Very Good. Zustand des Schutzumschlags: Very Good. First Edition. 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall Light foxing on top edge of text block. Minimal shelfwear. DJ now protected in removable mylar cover. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 024289
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, 1971. Hardcover. Buchzustand: Very Good. Very good. Buchnummer des Verkäufers HH-011-45-0386200
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, 1971. Hardcover. Buchzustand: Used: Good. We ship International with Tracking Number! May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service! L. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 0292701454D
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, 1971. Hardcover. Buchzustand: New. book. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 292701454
Buchbeschreibung University of Texas Press, 1971. Hardcover. Buchzustand: New. New item. Buchnummer des Verkäufers QX-011-45-0386200