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Titel: Brazil: Five Centuries of Change (Latin ...
Verlag: Oxford University Press
Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Introduction: Why Read About Brazil?CHAPTER 1. BIRTH AND GROWTH OF COLONIAL BRAZIL: 1500-1750The Country the Portuguese Created in the New WorldThe Colonial Economy and SocietyMiscegenation: Biological and CulturalThe Beginnings of a Luso-Brazilian CultureCHAPTER 2. CRISIS OF THE COLONIAL SYSTEM AND EMERGENCE OF AN INDEPENDENT BRAZIL:1790-1830The Economics and Politics of Post-1750 BrazilThe Portuguese Court Comes to BrazilCHAPTER 3. REVOLT, CONSOLIDATION, AND WAR: 1830-1870Uprisings under the RegencyRecentralizationThe Role of Pedro IIThe Rise of CoffeeThe Emerging Problems with Slavery as an InstitutionThe Question of AbolitionThe Paraguayan WarCHAPTER 4. MAKING BRAZIL "MODERN": 1870-1910The End of the EmpireCoffee Fluctuations, Emerging Industry, and Urban LaborCHAPTER 5. WORLD WAR I, THE GREAT DEPRESSION, AND DICTATORSHIP: 1910-1945The Shock of World War INew Currents in the 1920'sThe Revolution of 1930Getulio Vargas as DictatorCHAPTER 6. DEMOCRACY UNDER VARGAS, HALCYON DAYS WITH KUBITSCHEK, AND A MILITARYCOUP: 1945-1964The 1945 Election and the Dutra Period Vargas ReturnsA Socioeconomic Profile of Brazil in the Late 1940s and 1950sA New President, Juscelino Kubitschek, ElectedThe Brief Presidency of Janio GuadrosThe Succession of Joao GoulartCHAPTER 7. RULE OF THE MILITARY: 1964-1985The Generals Search for a Political BaseThe Arrival of the GuerrillasCulture and the GeneralsThe Economic "Miracle" Wrought by the AuthoritariansThe Road to RedemocratizationCHAPTER 8. REDEMOCRATIZATION; NEW HOPE, OLD PROBLEMS: 1985-Sarney and His ChallengesThe Debt Crisis and the EconomyWidening Gaps Between Rich and PoorPublic Health: The Fish That Swam UpstreamChanges Affecting WomenRace RelationsThe Political Spectrum in the New DemocracyThe Collor DebacleAnother Vice-President in CommandBack to Stabilization: The Plano RealThe Presidential Election of 1994EpilogueSuggestions for further Readings. Buchnummer des Verkäufers ABE_book_new_0195058097
Inhaltsangabe: With a land mass larger than the continental United States, a unique culture that is part European, African, and indigenous, and the world's ninth largest economy, Brazil is one of the most important--yet one of the least understood--nations in the world.
Thomas Skidmore, a preeminent authority on Brazil, vividly traces the 500 years of Brazil's development. Its epic story begins in the wake of Vasco da Gama's historic circumnavigation of the globe, when another Portuguese vessel, commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral, ran aground on the coast of Brazil in April 1500. From there Skidmore probes Portugal's remarkable command of the vast country in the face of the advances of the Spanish, French, and Dutch colonial interests; Brazil's compromised independence in 1822; its evolution as the center of world coffee cultivation; and the creation of the republic in the late nineteenth century. Here also are examinations of its unique forms of modernist art and literature, the dictatorship of Getulio Vargas and the military coups, and the ambitious reforms of current President Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Informed by the most recent scholarship available, Brazil explores the country's many blessings: ethnic diversity, a vibrant cultural life, and a wealth of natural resources. But, as Skidmore writes, the Brazilians must also grapple with a history of political instability and military rule, a deplorable environmental record, chronic inflation, and international debt.
Mapping out its past as well as its future, this eloquent and detailed look at Brazil will be the standard history of the country for years to come.
Rezension: Europeans first became aware of the huge territory called Brazil as a distant outpost of what the Portuguese conquerors called the Estado de India, a far-flung "network of coastal enclaves running along the Indian Ocean, from Mozambique, around the Malabar coast of India, and all the way to Macao on the coast of China." Thomas Skidmore, a noted historian of Latin America, writes that it quickly emerged as something more, however: a near-fabulous land of opportunity. An early gold rush outside Rio de Janeiro confirmed this view, and Brazil attracted huge numbers of immigrants, so many that the Portuguese crown was forced to limit the number of young men who attempted to leave their native country in favor of the newfound promised land. And, for a time, Skidmore continues, Brazil indeed led the world in the production of gold, diamonds, and other precious gems and minerals, making considerable fortunes for a lucky few. Governmental ineptitude assured that Brazil never translated that wealth into a comfortable life for all its inhabitants, a condition that has endured to the present. Skidmore traces the history of Brazil from the time of the European conquest to the late 1990s, yielding a highly useful one-volume history that students and general readers alike will enjoy. --Gregory McNamee
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