Titel: Concepts of Race in the Eighteenth Century. ...
Verlag: Thoemmes Press, Bristol, 2001.
Facsimile reprint. Hardback. Set ISBN: 1855068699. Single volume only. Concepts of Race in the Eighteenth Century is a collection of rare primary source materials tracing the development of a scientific concept of race in the 18th century. With contributions from some of the most eminent scientists of the 18th century, this set is a reassessment of the historical discussion of the concept of race. Over time, various misconceptions around the concept of race have developed including ideas about "race purity", the effects of racial hybridization, "superior and inferior races", race and mental differences, race and culture. This set examines the different viewpoints of influential 18th-century philosophical and scientific figures. The opening two volumes offer contributions by Carolus Linnaeus (or Carl Linne, 1707-78), Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1959) and Count de Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc (1707-88). Their vagueness about the concept of race serves to highlight the critical importance of Immanuel Kant's definition of race in his essay "Von den vershiedenen Racen der Menschen". Both the 1775 and 1777 versions of this essay are included, as well as his two subsequent essays on race. An essay by Christoph Girtanner (1760-1800) is also included, a work which Kant himself recommended to scholars as an accurate reflection of his mature views on the subject. Contrary to the belief that Johann Blumenbach (1752-1840) was the founder of a scientific concept of race, a comparison of the three editions of Blumenbach's "De generis humani varietate nativa" shows that he did not employ the concept of race until the third edition. Blumenbach was the first to divide the human race into five races: Caucasian, Ethiopian, American, Mongolian and Malay. With the reprinting of all four editions, a systematic study of the development of Blumenbach's thought is now possible. The English language discussion on the diversity of human types here by Samuel Stanhope Smith's (1750-1819) "An Essay on the Causes of the Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species" and Charles White's (1728-1813) An Account of the Regular Gradation of Man. Complete in itself but part of a larger set. New. Buchnummer des Verkäufers A51101
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