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Marshal Tukhachevskii : vospominaniia druzei i soratnikov ["Marshal Tukhachevsky: memories of friends and associates"]

N I Koritskii

Verlag: Voen. Izd-vo, Moscow, 1965
Zustand: Good Softcover
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Beschreibung

Paperback xl - from a library, clean, normal library wear and markings - Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (Russian: February 16 [O.S. February 4] 1893 - June 12, 1937) was a Marshal of the Soviet Union, commander in chief of the Red Army (1925-1928), and one of the most prominent victims of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge. .His theory of deep operations, where combined arms formations strike deep behind enemy lines to destroy the enemy's rear and logistics were opposed by some in the military establishment, but were largely adopted by the Red Army in the mid-1930s. They were expressed as a concept in the Red Army's Field Regulations of 1929, and more fully developed in 1935's Instructions on Deep Battle. The concept was finally codified into the army in 1936 in the Provisional Field Regulations of 1936. An early example of the potential effectiveness of deep operations can be found in the Soviet victory over Japan at the Battle of Khalkhin Gol (Nomonhan), where a Soviet Corps under the command of Georgy Zhukov defeated a substantial Japanese force in August-September, 1939. Deep battle was a military theory developed by the Soviet Union for its armed forces during the 1920s and 1930s. It was developed by a number of influential military writers, such as Vladimir Triandafillov and Mikhail Tukhachevsky who endeavoured to create a military strategy with its own specialised operational art and tactics. The concept of deep operations was a national strategy, tailored to the economic, cultural and geopolitical position of the Soviet Union. In the aftermath of several failures or defeats in the Russo-Japanese War, First World War and Polish-Soviet War the Soviet High Command (Stavka), focused on developing new methods for the conduct of war. This new approach considered military strategy and tactics, but also introduced a new intermediate level of military art: operations. The Soviet Union was the first country to officially distinguish the third level of military thinking which occupied the position between strategy and tactics. The discussion evolved into debate between those, like Alexander Svechin, who advocated a strategy of attrition, and others, like Tukhachevski, who thought that a strategy of decisive destruction of the enemy forces was needed. The latter opinion was motivated in part by the condition of the Soviet Union's economy: the country was still not industrialized and thus was economically too weak to fight a long war of attrition.[6] By 1928 Tukhachevski's ideas had changed: he considered that, given the nature and lessons of the First World War, the next major war would almost certainly be one of attrition. He determined, however, that the vast size of the Soviet Union ensured that some mobility was still possible. Svechin accepted this and allowed for the first offensives to be fast and fluid; but ultimately he decided that it would come down to a war of position and attrition. This would require a strong economy and a loyal and politically indoctrinated population in order to outlast the enemy. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 20416.220430

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Titel: Marshal Tukhachevskii : vospominaniia druzei...

Verlag: Voen. Izd-vo, Moscow

Erscheinungsdatum: 1965

Einband: Paperback

Zustand:Good

Art des Buches: Ex-Library

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