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Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: "It's like talking to a brick wall" and "we'll have to agree to disagree" are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of debating with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. This experience is often used to support a general thesis that people who adhere to systems of belief are somehow able to totally insulate themselves from criticism. Ray Scott Percival argues that any ideology that sets out to convince and recruit people cannot insulate itself from criticism, and he illustrates this by an examination of two ideologies, Marxism and Freudianism, as well as analysis of the arguments of writers like Richard Dawkins, Adolf Hitler, and others. Both wishful and fearful thinking can motivate belief, but the attempt to promote such beliefs, argues Percival, cannot escape the necessity of dealing with criticism. Buchnummer des Verkäufers

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Inhaltsangabe: "It's like talking to a brick wall" and "We'll have to agree to disagree" are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It's often claimed that some people--fundamentalists or fanatics--are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational.
Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty.
Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains, first, that not being too ready to abandon one's beliefs is rational. Brief Table of Content PREFACE PROLOGUE: PEOPLE ARE RATIONAL My Outrageous Idea The Main Arguments for the Closed Mind ARGUMENT#1. EMOTION ARGUMENT#2. WISHFUL THINKING ARGUMENT#3. LINGUISTIC OR CONCEPTUALFRAMEWORKS ARGUMENT#4. IMMUNIZING STRATAGEMS ARGUMENT#5. PROTECTIVE SHELL AND ESSENTIAL CORE ARGUMENT#6. BLIND FAITH ARGUMENT#7. PEOPLE ARE ILLOGICAL WHEN TESTING THEIR BELIEFS ARGUMENT#8. MIND-VIRUSES ARGUMENT#9. DUMB DECISION RULES Ghostly Logic The Orthodoxy The Turnover of Adherents My Sense of 'Rational' What Would an Irrational Human Look Like? Terrorism and Emotion The Problem My General Position The Logic in Ideology Why Dawkins's Memetic Approach Is Not Enough Is My Argument Open to Argument? The Examples of Marxism and Freudianism CHAPTER 1. The Persuader's Predicament CHAPTER 2. Survival of the Truest CHAPTER 3. Does Emotion Cloud Our Reason? CHAPTER 4. Ideologies as Shapeshifters Notes Bibliography Index

Vom Autor: For as long as I can remember I've respected the power of logical argument. I've always wanted to be persuasive on account of the validity of my arguments and when tempted to substitute an immediately attractive but unsound argument for a valid but slower-to-take-effect argument, I've always resisted the temptation. This struck me as not only the noble thing to do, but also prudent in the long run. If you adhere as best you can to the truth and to valid argument, then you're guided by principles that are always there for you as you navigate life, because they are universal. You will be like a captain at sea relying on the guidance of the fixed stars to navigate. If, on the other hand, you're guided by the momentary advantages of the impressive but bogus argument, you're lost in a sea without fixed stars. You will constantly have to learn (or create) new charts to navigate.
Suppose you're convinced that some people are just impervious to valid argument, that their minds are closed to reason, but that they may be amenable to poetic or humorous cajoling, ridicule, or even barefaced coercion. It's even more tempting then to ignore the civil give and take of sincere argument. But to succumb to that temptation is a large step to a barbaric or at least philistine world. I'm arguing in this book that the temptation is much less alluring than generally supposed, because it's based on the myth of the closed mind. On the other hand, the belief in the power of sound argument can become a force for civilisation and freedom.

The problem of the closed mind has been with me for a long time. For a professional thinker it's important, but also rare, to find a problem with real depth. It is in the working out of the problem that a thinker produces his ideas and they can only be as deep as the problem they are meant to solve. I'm happy to have found such a problem. For me this conundrum has been a fountain of further puzzles and enigmas that have stimulated many other fruitful ideas.

Because of the way I develop my argument, I like to think of this book as an ocean into which I invite you. In the Prologue, I walk with you down a gently inclined sandy beach to the water's edge. Even as you step into the water, the slope remains gentle and continues like this as you imperceptibly walk into deeper and deeper waters. Eventually, you will be swimming in deep water, but you'll feel in control and comfortable as you encounter slightly more difficult ramifications of my outrageous idea.                 I would like to thank my friend Paul Wilson for intellectual conversations and fishing adventures that kept my mind fresh and active while writing my book and also he and his wife Anita for allowing to me to write a significant part of this book at their home in Scotland during university vacations. I also wish to thank my friends John Ashcroft-Jones, Brian Killow and Graham Richards for their moral support at a key point in the completion of my book. They were my Three Musketeers.  (Note of credit: on page 93 of The Myth of the Closed Mind I use an argument from David Miller - University of Warwick - about the discussion by Plato in the Meno about the nature of knowledge. I mention the credit for this use of Plato's argument because of an error of omission on my part during the proof checking. Miller's influence on my book is profound - though doubtless he will have his disagreements with it - and I regard him as perhaps the greatest of the "Popperian Knights". I confess that this may be partly due to the fact that he was and is the best teacher I ever had.)

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Buchbeschreibung Cricket Books, a division of Carus Publishing Co. Paperback. Buchzustand: new. BRAND NEW, The Myth of the Closed Mind: Understanding Why and How People are Rational, Ray Scott Percival, "It's like talking to a brick wall" and "We'll have to agree to disagree" are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It's often claimed that some people--fundamentalists or fanatics--are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains, first, that not being too ready to abandon one's beliefs is rational. Buchnummer des Verkäufers B9780812696851

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Buchbeschreibung Cricket Books, a division of Carus Publishing Co, United States, 2012. Paperback. Buchzustand: New. 228 x 152 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. It s like talking to a brick wall and We ll have to agree to disagree are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It s often claimed that some people--fundamentalists or fanatics--are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains, first, that not being too ready to abandon one s beliefs is rational. Buchnummer des Verkäufers AAS9780812696851

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Buchbeschreibung Cricket Books, a division of Carus Publishing Co, United States, 2012. Paperback. Buchzustand: New. 228 x 152 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. It s like talking to a brick wall and We ll have to agree to disagree are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It s often claimed that some people--fundamentalists or fanatics--are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains, first, that not being too ready to abandon one s beliefs is rational. Buchnummer des Verkäufers AAS9780812696851

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