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'On the Polarization of the Atmosphere.' Pp. 444-454 in: The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Vol. 31, No. 210, December 1847, Third Series.

BREWSTER, David (1781-1868):

Verlag: London: Richard & John E. Taylor, 1847., 1847
Gebraucht Zustand: Fine Softcover
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First Edition. Entire issue offered, pp. 401-480. Original printed wrappers, uncut. Near Fine. 'Rayleigh's explanation of the polarization of clear-sky daylight, in terms of dipole radiation singly scattered by air molecules, would predict that light is unpolarized in the direction of the Sun or anti-Sun (anti-solar point), whichever is above the horizon. But observations had already demonstrated the existence of three unpolarized directions: above the Sun (the Babinet point), below the Sun (the Brewster point [3]) and above the anti-Sun (the Arago point), and hinted at a fourth point below the anti-Sun (the second Brewster point [4]). . . . Brewster's model fails - as he was aware [3] - by predicting maxima on the horizon, at the two points 90° from the singularities. In fact, there seem to be no polarization maxima on the horizon, the probable reason being depolarization from the strong multiple scattering near the horizon. . . . Brewster's intuition is doubly remarkable: his emphasis was on the intensity of sky polarization rather than on the direction, and he never accepted the wave picture of light that underlies both the crystal and the sky phenomena' (M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis & R. L. Lee, Jr., 'Polarization singularities in the clear sky', New J. Phys. 6, 2004, 162; the ref. [3] is the paper offered here, [4] is one he published in 1863 in the Trans. R. Soc. Edinb.). For more on Brewster, see D.S.B. II: 451-4). This issue also contains: Michael FARADAY (1791-1867), 'On the Diamagnetic conditions of Flame and Gases' (pp. 401-421). 'My 3d paper was to contain a large series of Observations on the polarisation of the sky . . . These researches, of which the above is a very meagre notice, appear to me the most important in which I have ever been engaged; and knowing my results to be entirely original, I can scarcely describe to you the collapse of all my faculties which the reception of my first paper has produced, and the indifference to the further prosecution of the subject which it has occasioned' (Letter of 7 August 1841, from Brewster to William Henry Fox Talbot). 'According to Coulson (p. 242), 'more attention has been paid to the measurement of the positions of the Arago, Babinet, and Brewster points than to any other feature of skylight polarization' ' (Gabor Horvath, Balazs Bernath, Bence Suhai, & Andras Barta, 'First observation of the fourth neutral polarization point in the atmosphere', Vol. 19, No. 10/October 2002/J. Opt. Soc. Am. A; Coulson = K. L. Coulson, Polarization and Intensity of Light in the Atmosphere, A. Deepak, Hampton, Virginia, 1988). This issue also contains SYLVESTER, James Joseph, 'On the General Solution (in certain cases) of the equation' (pp. 467-471); For this paper by Sylvester, see Tatiana Lavrinenko, 'Solving an indeterminate third degree equation in rational numbers: Sylvester and Lucas' (Revue d'histoire des mathématiques 8, fascicule 1, 2002, pp. 67-111). For Sylvester, also see John D. North's article in D.S.B. XIII, pp. 216-222. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 16575

Bibliografische Details

Titel: 'On the Polarization of the Atmosphere.' Pp....

Verlag: London: Richard & John E. Taylor, 1847.

Erscheinungsdatum: 1847

Einband: Soft cover

Zustand: Fine

Zustand des Schutzumschlags: No Jacket

Auflage: 1st Edition


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