Seven paintings of fossils, all but two from the famous Solnhofen Plattenkaeks in Bavaria.: KNORR, ...

Seven paintings of fossils, all but two from the famous Solnhofen Plattenkaeks in Bavaria.

KNORR, Georg Wolfgang, style or circle of]

Verlag: Bavaria, probably Nuremberg, ca 1750, 1750
Verkäufer WP Watson Antiquarian Books (London, Vereinigtes Königreich)

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Seven paintings in black chalk, watercolours and bodycolours, average size 360 x 230 mm, all but two on their original pen and wash mounts, in a morocco-backed box.Exceptional paintings of fossils from an eighteenth-century 'cabinet of curiosities'. These drawings are of a similar date and style to the illustrations of Solnhofen fossils in Georg Wolfgang Knorr's Sammlung, 1755, and in the first volume of Knorr and Walsh's Recueil des Monumens des Catastrophes que le globe terrestre a éssuiées, contenant des petrifications dessignées, gravées et enluminées d'après les originaux (Die Naturgeschichte der Versteinerungun zur Erläuterung), 1768, but appear to be unpublished. They probably come from one of the 'cabinets' which Knorr and Walsh drew upon for their work. The scientific accuracy of the illustrations is outstanding, so much so that it is possible to identify all the genera and almost all the species depicted. As DSB said of the Knorr illustrations, 'the detail and accuracy . not only made possible zoological classification but firmly established the distinction between fossils of organic origin and sports of nature' (DSB VII p 412).This fine series of fossil depictions has its source in the Solnhofen limestone quarries in S.E. Bavaria, in the Altmühl river valley north of Munich and south of Nuremberg. The most famous quarries are Solnhofen itself and the nearby town of Eichstätt. The deposits date back to the upper Jurassic Period (Upper Kimmeridgian, approximately 153 million years old). They were later mined for lithographic stones, and were the source of the discovery in 1861 of the Archaeopteryx.The exception is drawing 6, the slab of 'mussels'. These are from the much older Triassic deposits, approximately 235 million years old. They were so common they gave their name to an entire formation, the Muschelkalk, or mussel chalk.Paintings:1. Positive and negative halves of a fish, Leptolepides sprattiformis (Blainville 1818).2. Positive and negative halves of a pair of elongated walking legs from the lobster Mecochirus longimanus.3. Three lobsters, two being Eryon arctiformis and one being a Palinurina species.4. Five lobsters, Eryma modestiformis and Mesochirus longimanus.5. Positive and negative halves of two lobsters, Eryon arctiformis and Eryma modestiformis, and two shrimp, Antrimpos species.6. Mussels, Hoernesia socialis, Middle Triassic, north Germany.7. Calcite crystals on a shell matrix, no location.Watermarks: D & C Blauw IV (ca 1750). Buchnummer des Verkäufers 2714

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Titel: Seven paintings of fossils, all but two from...

Verlag: Bavaria, probably Nuremberg, ca 1750

Erscheinungsdatum: 1750


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