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At the world's some 440 nuclear power plants, experts continually monitor their wide safety margins, and at signs of trouble seek out the sources and recommend changes. Too often for their comfort, and for ours, a subsequent problem reveals that these changes were ineffective or never made. Why this self-defeating pattern? What in this technology's culture of control might undermine experts' best intentions? What kind of problem is it to reduce operating risks?
Following brief highlights of this industry's history over the last twenty years of accidents, near-accidents, and institutional changes, Shouldering Risks presents excerpts from interviews with some sixty experts about four relatively recent events at three U.S. plants. Drawing also on her earlier field studies at eleven plants in America and abroad, on industry documents, and others' research, Constance Perin identifies unacknowledged elements in this industry's culture of control; for example, control concepts for reactor design, construction, and regulation carry over to risk handling and event analysis, whose efficacy depends instead on recognizing and interpreting the significance of technical and contextual signals on daily display.
Far more than the sum of its parts, this highly knowledge-dependent technology operates along an axis of meanings, not only along an axis of functions. A culture of control is, like any culture, an intricate system of claims about how to understand the world and act in it. Here, claims pivot around the dynamics of control theory and productivity based on particular assumptions about the relationships of humans to machines, models to reality, certainty to ambiguity, rationality to experience. These four events and accident analyses show that such assumptions can confound control and produce misleading meanings.
Shouldering Risks reimagines a broader and deeper culture of control to reshape our understandings of the intellectual capital appropriate to designing, regulating, organizing, and managing this risky enterprise and, perhaps, other such technologies already here or to come.
From the Inside Flap: "This work, based on extraordinarily rich materials from sustained fieldwork, is a worthy successor to Charles Perrow's pathbreaking Normal Accidents and is without doubt a signal contribution to the burgeoning interest in 'risk society.' But for me, its special significance is in its innovations in the marshalling of what now counts as ethnographic analysis and evidence, for which models are badly needed. In short, this a work that I can teach with."--George E. Marcus, Rice University, coauthor of Anthropology as Cultural Critique
"This valuable and engagingly written book adds to the growing body of literature that explores the social and cultural dimensions of technology. Constance Perin offers both useful new material for other researchers and a good look at the state of the art of research on this important topic, from works in the philosophy and history of science and engineering to organizational analyses and case studies."--Paul Schulman, Mills College, author of Large-Scale Policy Making
Titel: Shouldering Risks: The Culture of Control in...
Verlag: Princeton University Press
Zustand: very good
Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2005. Softcover. Buchzustand: As New. Multi-colored wraps with white lettering; 378 pp. with no illustrations. With interviews of more than 60 experts about four recent "events" at three U.S. nuclear power plants of the world's 440. Book is here on our desk. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 112734
Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press, 2006. Paperback. Buchzustand: Used: Good. Buchnummer des Verkäufers SONG0691127778
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Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press. PAPERBACK. Buchzustand: Fine. 0691127778 Like New Condition. Buchnummer des Verkäufers LN7.1205375
Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press, 2006. Paperback. Buchzustand: Very Good. Great condition with minimal wear, aging, or shelf wear. Buchnummer des Verkäufers P020691127778
Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press, 2006. Paperback. Buchzustand: Like New. Almost new condition. Buchnummer des Verkäufers P010691127778
Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press, 2006. Paperback. Buchzustand: New. Never used!. Buchnummer des Verkäufers P110691127778
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Buchbeschreibung Princeton University Press, 2006. Paperback. Buchzustand: Good. Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 0691127778