De subtilitate. Libri XXI.: CARDANO, Girolamo

De subtilitate. Libri XXI.

CARDANO, Girolamo

Verlag: Nuremberg, Johann Petreius, 1550, 1550
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Folio (305 x 199 mm), pp [xxxvi including 1 blank leaf] 371 [1, blank], with woodcut portrait of the author on verso of title, woodcut devices on title and colophon, and several woodcut illustrations in text; text ruled in red throughout, some slight browning, a very good copy in eighteenth-century French mottled sheep, spine gilt with floral tools, red morocco labels. £18,500First edition of Cardano's encyclopaedic survey of the sciences. This 'was the most advanced presentation of physical knowledge up to its time. It contains many remarkable observations and ideas, including Cardano's distinction between the attractive powers of rubbed amber (electric) and the lodestone (magnetic), his pre-evolutionary belief in creation as progressive development, and the premise that natural law was unified and could be known through observation and experiment' (Norman catalogue). This work, 'written in an elliptical and often obscure Latin, contains a little of everything: from cosmology to the construction of machines; from the usefulness of natural sciences to the evil influence of demons; from the laws of mechanics to cryptology. It is a mine of facts, both real and imaginary; of notes on the state of the sciences; of superstition, technology, alchemy, and various branches of the occult. The similarities between the scientific opinions expressed by Cardano . and those of Leonardo da Vinci, at that time unpublished, have led some historians, particularly Pierre Duhem, to suppose that Cardano had used Leonardo's manuscript notes. Be that as it may, Cardano must always be credited with having introduced new ideas that inspired new investigations' (DSB).Cardano defines metals as solids that can be melted and, once melted, will harden upon cooling. He distinguishes two sorts of air, 'one being destructive of inanimate objects and supportive of animate ones, and the second being destructive of animate objects and supportive of inanimate ones' (Parkinson). 'In mechanics, Cardano was a fervent admirer of Archimedes. He studied the lever and inclined plane in new ways and described many mechanical devices, among them "Cardano's suspension". Cardano followed a middle road between the partisans of the theory of impetus and the supporters of the Aristotelian theory, who attributed the movement of projectiles to pushing by the air. Notable is his observation that the trajectory described by a projectile is not rectilinear at the center, but is a line "which imitates the form of a parabola". Cardano's chief claim to fame, however, was his affirmation of the impossibility of perpetual motion, except in heavenly bodies.'Cardano's contributions to hydrodynamics are important: counter to contemporary belief, he observed that in a conduit of running water, the water does not rise to the level from which it started, but to a lower level that becomes lower as the length of the conduit increases. He also refuted the Aristotelian "abhorrence of a vacuum", holding that the phenomena attributed to this abhorrence can be explained by the force of rarefaction. Cardano investigated the measurement of the capacity of streams and stated that the capacity is proportional to the area of the cross section and the velocity' (DSB).Cardano's De subtilitate inspired J. C. Scaliger's Exotericarum exercitationum (Paris 1557), 'the most savage book review in the bitter annals of literary invective. Julius Caesar Scaliger, another vain and articulate natural philosopher of Italian origins, devoted more than 900 quarto pages to refuting one of Cardano's books, On Subtlety, and promised to return to the subject at still greater length. Though Scaliger died without producing more than a fragment of this promised polemic, his Exercitationes became a standard work in university curriculums; perhaps the only book review ever known to undergo transformation into a textbook' (Grafton, Cardano's Cosmos, p 4).Adams C668; Dibner 139; Norman 401; Parkinson pp. 41-42. Buchnummer des Verkäufers

Bibliografische Details

Titel: De subtilitate. Libri XXI.
Verlag: Nuremberg, Johann Petreius, 1550
Erscheinungsdatum: 1550

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CARDANO Girolamo [Hieronymi] 1501-1576
Verlag: Iohan Petreium [John Petreius], Norimbergae [Nuremberg] (1550)
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Buchbeschreibung Iohan Petreium [John Petreius], Norimbergae [Nuremberg], 1550. Full-Leather. Buchzustand: Very Good Plus. First Edition. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Rare 1550, 1st ed, Norimbergae ed. In fill contemporary calf, double ruled boxed tooling, gilt decorative corners, some marks, blind tooling to edges, some repairs to tips. New spine to style, raised bands, blind and gilt tooling, no title. Internally, contemp ink notes to fpd, lacking portrait and titlepage, begins Aii, with a small oval stamp at base, [32], [2], 371 pp, [1], numerous illustrations, printers devices, professional repair to 1 leaf in index, last 5 leafs with repair to edges, name and title to text block edge by hand, occasional underlining, some very light browning at page edges. A lovely copy! Uncommon in any form. (Osler 2238 later ed. Baudrier 173. Adams C668). Gerolamo (or Girolamo, or Geronimo) Cardano (French: Jérôme Cardan; Latin: Hieronymus Cardanus) was an Italian Renaissance mathematician, physician, astrologer and gambler.[1] He wrote more than 200 works on medicine, mathematics, physics, philosophy, religion, and music.[2] His gambling led him to formulate elementary rules in probability, making him one of the founders of the field. His popular fame was based largely on books dealing with scientific and philosophical questions, especially De subtilitate rerum (¿The Subtlety of Things¿), a collection of physical experiments and inventions, interspersed with anecdotes. Wiki. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 005406

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CARDANO Girolamo
Verlag: Officina Petrina, Basileae (1560)
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Buchbeschreibung Officina Petrina, Basileae, 1560. InÂfolio (cm 20,5 x 32), pp. (24) + 603 + (3b). Molte figure incise in legno nel testo. Lieve mancanza al margine esterno della prima carta di sguardia. Gora marginale sul lato bianco inferioreÂdelle prime 151 pagine e le ultime 60, piu' estesa in alcune, quasi assente in altre. Forellini di tarlo alle ultime 50 pagine e alle prime 40. Esemplare particolarmente interessante poiche' purgato e postillato con cancellature e annotazioni dal Magistrato Sacri Palatii della Reverenda Camera Apostolica come indicato nell'annotazione manoscritta anticaÂal margine inferiore del frontespizio ('Hieronymi Cardani fideliter ac diligenter totus expurgatus fuit iuxta Indicem librorum expurgatoru a Magistro Savi Palatji'). Larga parte del testo si presenta emendata o cancellata con inchiostro o con pecette aggiunte, in particolare i capitoli De hominis, De demonibus, De deo. Piu' importanti gli interventi fra le pagine da 507 a 541 con ampie porzioni di testo cancellate. Si segnalano inoltre in particolare le due pagine 352 e 353 che risultano mancanti entrambe di una parte ritagliata (pagina 352 mancante della parte inferiore e 353 della superiore). Le emendazioni potrebbero essere datate prima del 1607 secondo quanto affermato a proposito del testo andato perso da Rodolfo Savelli nel suo saggio 'La biblioteca disciplinata. Una libreria cinque-seicentesca tra censura e dissimulazione'. I primi interventi dell'Inquisizione sui libri di Cardano risalgono al 1572 con l'esplicita formula 'reliqua omnia quae de medicine non tractant nisi corrigantur'. L'opera, iniziata nel 1534, comparve a stampa a Norimberga nel 1550. Divisa in ventuno libri, e' una sorta di mastodontica enciclopedia delle scienze naturali che contiene dalla cosmologia alla costruzione di macchine; dalle leggi della meccanica alla criptologia; dall'utilita' delle scienze della natura al nefasto influsso dei demoni. ITA. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 30 n.866

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Girolamo Cardano.
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Buchbeschreibung Hardcover. Buchzustand: Fine. Illustrated with woodcut printer’s device on title page; numerous woodcut illustrations in text, including geometrical and astronomical diagrams; woodcut initials. 8vo. 18th century Italian vellum over boards; title in gilt on brown background. Ornamental endpapers with floral motifs. Lyon, Printed by Guillaume Rouillé, 1559. Early edition of this comprehensive encyclopedia of natural science, which was considered the most advanced presentation of physical knowledge up to its time. Girolamo Cardano was a prominent Italian Renaissance polymath: a mathematician, physician, biologist, physicist, chemist, astrologer, astronomer, philosopher and gambler. Often considered to be the greatest mathematician of the Renaissance, Cardano was one of the founders of probability theory (inspired by his passion for card games and dice), and the first to introduce the binomial coefficients and the binomial theorem in the western world. Today Cardano’s fame mainly rests upon his achievements in algebra, including the first systematic use of negative numbers, and implicit use of the complex numbers in his greatest mathematical work Ars Magna (1545), where he made use of square roots of negative numbers in solving the cubic equations. De Subtilitate Libri XXI, “written in an elliptical and often obscure Latin, contains a little of everything: from cosmology to the construction of machines; from the usefulness of natural sciences to the influence of demons; from the laws of mechanics to cryptology. It is a mine of facts, both real and imaginary; of notes on the state of the sciences; of superstition, technology, alchemy, and various branches of the occult. The similarities between the scientific opinions expressed by Cardano and those of Leonardo da Vinci, at that time unpublished, have led some historians, particularly Pierre Duhem, to suppose that Cardano had used Leonardo’s manuscript notes.” (DSB). Binding rubbed and soiled; closed tear to vellum on spine and along the rear joint. Title-page with an early ownership inscription to bottom margin vigorously inked out (causing a minor marginal tear). Several leaves with some text passages inked out by a censor (rather gently with the ‘offending’ passages still legible). Leaf y8 with a closed tear at bottom, running through text, but without loss; small rust-hole in leaf S8 affecting few words of text; leaves S7,8 and T1 with inner margin neatly reinforced with rice-paper. A few leaves with small manuscript marginal notes in early hand(s). Some leaves with light damp-staining at bottom. With the early ownership signature “Raymundus Barra” to front free endpaper, presumably of 18th-century Italian physician Raimondo Barra, court physician to the King of Naples. O/w a clean, solid example of this scarce edition. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 2679

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CARDANO, Girolamo
Verlag: Sebastianum Henricpetri, Basilae (1611)
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Buchbeschreibung Sebastianum Henricpetri, Basilae, 1611. hardcover. Buchzustand: very good. Illustrated with a medallion portrait and numerous woodcut diagrams in the text; printer's device on title and verso of final leaf; initials throughout. [80], 1148, [4] pages. Very thick 8vo, old vellum (well-rubbed but sound; spine darkened; 3 blank preliminary pages are replete with contemporary ink notations in Latin, otherwise internally clean). Basilae: Per Sebastianum Henricpetri, 1611. A very nice copy of this uncommon scientific work, with small ownership signature of art historian Meyer Schapiro. According to professor Schapiro's note, Book IV contains information on painting and colors; Book XVII is on the arts. "Apologia" at end of volume is an answer to Jules-Cesar Scaliger's Exoterimus de subtilitate ad Hieronymum Cardanum, Lutetiae, apud Mich. Vascosan, 1557. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 217912

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